Table 2 Summary population attributable fractions and attributable cases, by cancer type, sex and country, 2015

From: The fraction of cancer attributable to modifiable risk factors in England, Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland, and the United Kingdom in 2015

Cancer type and ICD-10 code All risk factors combined
   England Scotland Wales Northern Ireland UK
   M F P M F P M F P M F P M F P
Oral cavity (C00–C06) PAF (%) 52.9 34.3 46.3 53.3 32.8 46.2 53.3 32.0 46.4 52.9 32.3 46.8 52.9 34.0 46.3
Attrib. cases 1,422 515 1,941 188 63 251 44 27 77 22 13 38 1,676 618 2,308
Nasopharynx (C11) PAF (%) 85.3 84.3 84.9 85.1 84.5 84.9 85.9 85.0 85.8 85.7 84.6 85.5 85.3 84.3 85.0
Attrib. cases 101 51 153 20 6 25 13 2 15 4 1 5 138 60 198
Pharynx (C09, C10, C12–C14) PAF (%) 90.2 81.4 88.3 90.5 82.2 88.6 90.5 81.5 88.9 90.4 80.4 88.4 90.2 81.5 88.4
Attrib. cases 1,621 472 2,100 218 67 286 112 26 139 65 18 84 2,017 584 2,609
Oesophagus (C15) PAF (%) 60.9 54.4 58.7 61.0 55.2 58.9 59.3 52.3 56.9 55.9 54.9 55.4 60.7 54.4 58.6
Attrib. cases 3,068 1,306 4,367 363 179 542 188 85 273 72 41 113 3,691 1,612 5,295
Stomach (C16) PAF (%) 56.4 47.5 53.1 67.6 57.4 64.0 51.3 43.7 48.2 66.0 63.8 65.0 57.3 48.6 54.2
Attrib. cases 2,009 921 2,925 260 129 390 137 68 203 90 41 130 2,496 1,159 3,649
Bowel (C18-C20) PAF (%) 57.0 50.8 54.1 59.3 52.3 56.0 56.7 50.1 53.8 58.8 51.5 55.6 57.2 50.9 54.3
Attrib. cases 10,923 7,895 18,796 1,170 887 2,056 724 492 1,215 375 249 624 13,193 9,523 22,691
Anus (C21) PAF (%) 88.7 92.5 91.3 88.7 92.5 91.2 88.7 92.5 90.9 88.7 92.5 91.5 88.7 92.5 91.3
Attrib. cases 357 789 1,146 43 87 130 23 34 57 5 15 20 428 925 1,353
Liver (C22) PAF (%) 53.0 39.3 48.3 55.7 44.9 52.2 51.7 35.3 47.0 51.0 36.9 45.6 53.2 39.6 48.5
Attrib. cases 1,579 666 2,255 220 90 311 115 34 150 41 20 61 1,955 811 2,778
Pancreas (C25) PAF (%) 33.9 28.5 31.2 36.2 31.8 34.0 35.5 29.2 32.2 35.0 27.0 31.3 34.2 28.7 31.5
Attrib. cases 1,415 1,179 2,596 144 131 276 85 79 164 51 34 86 1,694 1,424 3,120
Gallbladder (C23) PAF (%) 12.5 23.0 19.9 13.7 24.7 21.8 9.6 18.1 15.5 12.7 21.1 20.7 12.4 22.8 19.9
Attrib. cases 31 140 171 3 14 17 1 5 7 0 4 4 35 163 198
Larynx (C32) PAF (%) 73.4 66.0 72.1 74.9 69.8 73.9 76.7 67.3 75.0 74.2 63.0 72.4 73.8 66.5 72.5
Attrib. cases 1,120 238 1,360 177 40 217 97 20 117 51 9 61 1,444 308 1,754
Lung (C33–C34) PAF (%) 81.8 74.8 78.8 81.7 76.7 79.4 83.8 77.0 80.8 80.6 68.4 75.4 81.9 75.0 78.9
Attrib. cases 16,369 13,184 29,631 2,068 1,890 3,969 1,081 907 1,993 541 389 935 20,060 16,372 36,532
Mesothelioma (C45) PAF (%) 97.0 82.5 94.4 97.0 82.5 94.4 97.0 82.5 94.4 97.0 82.5 94.4 97.0 82.5 94.4
Attrib. cases 1,895 321 2,212 180 18 196 110 9 117 35 5 40 2,220 353 2,565
Melanoma (C43) PAF (%) 88.6 84.8 86.8 83.0 83.0 84.9 91.0 81.0 86.1 83.5 81.4 82.5 88.5 84.4 86.5
Attrib. cases 5,899 5,541 11,440 561 570 1157 364 311 675 174 157 332 7025 6579 13,604
Kaposi sarcoma (C46.1) PAF (%) 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 0.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Attrib. cases 125 17 142 7 0 7 2 1 3 3 1 4 137 19 156
Breast (C50) PAF (%) 0.0 23.0 22.9 0.1 24.0 24.0 0.1 23.0 22.9 0.0 24.5 24.4 0.0 23.1 23.0
Attrib. cases 10,523 10,523 1,139 1,139 641 641 357 357 12,659 12,659
Vulva (C51) PAF (%) 0.0 68.8 68.8 0.0 68.8 68.8 0.0 68.8 68.8 0.0 68.8 68.8 0.0 68.8 68.8
Attrib. cases 744 744 97 97 55 55 25 25 921 921
Vagina (C52) PAF (%) 0.0 75.0 75.0 0.0 75.0 75.0 0.0 75.0 75.0 0.0 75.0 75.0 0.0 75.0 75.0
Attrib. cases 148 148 16 16 5 5 6 6 174 174
Cervix (C53) PAF (%) 0.0 99.8 99.8 0.0 99.8 99.8 0.0 99.8 99.8 0.0 99.8 99.8 0.0 99.8 99.8
Attrib. cases 2511 2511 378 378 149 149 81 81 3119 3119
Uterus (C54–C55) PAF (%) 0.0 34.4 34.4 0.0 34.9 34.9 0.0 30.1 30.1 0.0 28.4 28.4 0.0 34.0 34.0
Attrib. cases 2561 2561 279 279 145 145 70 70 3056 3056
Ovary (C56) PAF (%) 0.0 11.1 11.1 0.0 12.1 12.1 0.0 11.2 11.2 0.0 12.6 12.6 0.0 11.2 11.2
Attrib. cases 641 641 69 69 40 40 17 17 766 766
Penis (C60) PAF (%) 63.3 0.0 63.3 63.3 0.0 63.3 63.3 0.0 63.3 63.3 0.0 63.3 63.3 0.0 63.3
Attrib. cases 329 329 45 45 18 18 13 13 404 404
Bladder (C67) PAF (%) 50.6 43.2 48.6 51.7 47.1 50.4 54.0 46.2 51.9 48.7 37.1 45.2 50.8 43.6 48.9
Attrib. cases 3,112 1,007 4,125 285 131 417 241 84 326 70 26 96 3,708 1,247 4,964
Kidney (C64-C66, C68) PAF (%) 32.1 36.1 33.5 32.9 38.1 34.8 30.7 33.1 31.5 31.7 33.5 32.2 32.1 36.1 33.5
Attrib. cases 2,068 1,404 3,467 231 154 385 111 68 179 72 40 112 2,483 1,666 4,142
Thyroid (C73) PAF (%) 9.8 8.8 9.1 10.0 9.6 9.7 8.5 7.8 8.1 11.0 8.1 8.9 9.8 8.8 9.1
Attrib. cases 80 197 278 8 19 27 3 6 9 3 4 7 94 227 321
Myeloma (C90) PAF (%) 15.8 10.5 13.6 16.8 11.5 14.6 13.8 8.8 11.4 16.3 9.9 13.4 15.8 10.5 13.6
Attrib. cases 425 205 630 47 22 69 21 12 33 13 6 19 505 246 751
Hodgkin lymphoma (C81) PAF (%) 40.1 40.7 40.3 41.2 40.1 40.7 43.0 40.0 41.6 41.8 37.4 39.9 40.4 40.5 40.4
Attrib. cases 414 305 719 30 30 60 27 23 49 15 10 25 486 367 853
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (C82–C85, C96) PAF (%) 3.4 3.3 3.4 4.2 4.8 4.5 3.4 3.3 3.4 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.5 3.4 3.5
Attrib. cases 122 64 185 22 24 46 12 10 22 7 6 12 260 211 472
Leukaemia (C91-C95) PAF (%) 11.3 12.9 12.0 13.0 15.7 14.0 11.0 12.5 11.5 12.9 13.5 13.2 11.5 13.1 12.1
Attrib. cases 567 444 1,009 47 38 85 43 29 72 16 14 30 673 525 1195
Brain & other central nervous system (C70–C72) PAF (%) 0.0 4.8 2.5 0.1 6.3 3.5 0.1 3.5 2.0 0.0 4.9 2.6 0.0 4.8 2.5
Attrib. cases 2 228 230 0 34 34 0 16 17 0 10 10 3 288 291
All excl non-melanoma skin cancer (C00–C97 excl C44) PAF (%) 38.0 36.4 37.3 43.3 39.7 41.5 39.0 36.5 37.8 39.9 36.1 38.0 38.6 36.8 37.7
Attrib. cases 58,141 53,480 111,722 6,567 6,455 13,038 3,838 3,373 7,207 1,856 1,663 3,519 70,425 65,130 135,507