Introduction Commissioners in England use the Commissioning for Quality and Innovation (CQUIN) payments mechanism to encourage the best provision of orthodontic treatment. However, CQUIN only use the patient's orthodontic need as a measure of complexity, rather than the levels outlined in the orthodontic commissioning guide published by NHS England. A service evaluation was designed to ascertain a secondary care setting's compliance with the commissioning complexity levels, as a new comparator for CQUIN case-mix assessment.
Materials and methods A prospective evaluation was conducted for all new patients referred to the Mid Yorkshire NHS Trust orthodontic department in a 12-month period, using the levels categorised by the commissioning guide. A standard was set to accept no fewer than 80% level 3b patients.
Results Of patients accepted for orthodontic treatment, 89.9% were of the highest level 3b complexity. This was compared to only 69.8% of patients having an Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need, Dental Health Component, 5.
Conclusion The findings support a recommendation that commissioners should consider complexity based on the commissioning guidance, rather than orthodontic need alone; it is important that the economic drivers of commissioning implementation fairly reflect the specialist work being carried out by the workforce.
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The authors would like to acknowledge the efforts of all members of the orthodontic department for their input in collecting data.