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Fevers post infusion of T-cell replete hla mismatched haploidentical hematopoietic stem cells with post-transplant cyclophosphamide: risk factors and impact on transplant outcomes


Fever is a common early complication after infusion of stem cells in patients undergoing T-replete HLA haploidentical transplantation using post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PTCY). We analyzed the records of 172 haploidentical transplant patients to identify risk factors and to assess the impact of such fevers on transplant morbidity and mortality. One hundred and seventy-two patients received haploidential hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) using PBSC (n = 103) or marrow (n = 69) grafts. One hundred and forty patients (81%) experienced fever (T ≥ 100.5 °F or >38 °C) with median onset on d + 2. Compared to patients who did not develop fevers, patients with fevers received higher median CD34+ cell dose (5.00 vs. 3.08 × 106/kg, p < 0.001), CD3+ cell dose (12.8 vs. 4.5 × 107/kg), were more likely to have received a myeloablative regimen (50% vs. 9%, p < 0.001), and PBSC source (71% vs. 9%, p < 0.001). Cox model showed that fever had no impact on TRM, GVHD, OS, and DFS. In the logistic regression to identify correlation with fevers, higher degree of HLA mismatches and use of PBSC were all predictors of developing fever. Fevers between infusion of the T-Cell replete graft and administration of PTCY are very common in Haplo-HSCT. This complication is transient and had no impact on post-transplant morbidity and mortality.

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This study was presented at ASBMT 2017, Orlando, Florida.

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Correspondence to Melhem M. Solh.

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