The KRASG12C mutant has emerged as an important therapeutic target in recent years. Covalent inhibitors have shown promising antitumor activity against KRASG12C-mutant cancers in the clinic. In this study, a structure-based and focused chemical library analysis was performed, which led to the identification of 143D as a novel, highly potent and selective KRASG12C inhibitor. The antitumor efficacy of 143D in vitro and in vivo was comparable with that of AMG510 and of MRTX849, two well-characterized KRASG12C inhibitors. At low nanomolar concentrations, 143D showed biochemical and cellular potency for inhibiting the effects of the KRASG12C mutation. 143D selectively inhibited cell proliferation and induced G1-phase cell cycle arrest and apoptosis by downregulating KRASG12C-dependent signal transduction. Compared with MRTX849, 143D exhibited a longer half-life and higher maximum concentration (Cmax) and area under the curve (AUC) values in mouse models, as determined by tissue distribution assays. Additionally, 143D crossed the blood‒brain barrier. Treatment with 143D led to the sustained inhibition of KRAS signaling and tumor regression in KRASG12C-mutant tumors. Moreover, 143D combined with EGFR/MEK/ERK signaling inhibitors showed enhanced antitumor activity both in vitro and in vivo. Taken together, our findings indicate that 143D may be a promising drug candidate with favorable pharmaceutical properties for the treatment of cancers harboring the KRASG12C mutation.
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This research was supported by grants from the Natural Science Foundation of Shanghai (19ZR1467700), the Lingang Laboratory (LG202101-01-06) and the Major Research Plan of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (91953000). We also express our sincere gratitude to our mentor Academician Hua-liang Jiang for his enlightening mentoring and strong support throughout this study, and our deep sorrow for the loss of him, who passed away on December 23rd, 2022.
The authors declare no competing interests.
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Xu, Ls., Zheng, Sx., Mei, Lh. et al. 143D, a novel selective KRASG12C inhibitor exhibits potent antitumor activity in preclinical models. Acta Pharmacol Sin (2023). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41401-023-01053-2
- MAPK signaling pathway
- small-molecule inhibitor
- synergistic effect