Table 2 The sleep quality and coping styles to stress of Wuhan residents in facing the epidemic of COVID-19.

From: Psychological health, sleep quality, and coping styles to stress facing the COVID-19 in Wuhan, China

Variable N (%) Sleep disorder χ2 P Passive coping style χ2 P
Gender        
 Male 376 (30.3) 103 (27.4) 2.517 0.113 117 (31.1) 0.454 0.501
 Female 866 (69.7) 276 (31.9)    253 (29.2)   
Age (years old)
 ≤30 912 (73.4) 253 (27.7) 12.702 <0.001 271 (29.7) 0.009 0.923
 >30 330 (26.6) 126 (38.3)    99 (30.0)   
Marital status
 Unmarried 824 (66.3) 226 (27.4) 11.200 0.001 238 (28.9) 0.963 0.326
 Married 418 (33.7) 153 (36.7)    132 (31.6)   
Residence area
 Rural 452 (36.4) 108 (23.9) 14.803 <0.001 148 (32.7) 2.962 0.085
 Urban 790 (63.6) 271 (34.3)    222 (28.1)   
Education
 College and below 390 (31.4) 96 (24.6) 9.410 0.002 146 (37.4) 15.887 0.000
 Bachelor’s degree and above 852 (68.6) 283 (33.3)    224 (26.3)   
Occupation
 Others 788 (63.5) 213 (27.0) 12.533 0.000 223 (28.3) 2.292 0.130
 Medical Staff 454 (36.5) 166 (36.6)    147 (32.4)   
Monthly income (CNY)
 <1000 554 (44.6) 117 (21.1) 42.241 <0.001 167 (30.1) 1.972 0.373
 1000–5000 389 (31.3) 152 (39.8)    123 (31.6)   
 >5000 299 (24.1) 110 (36.9)    80 (26.8)   
Network communication
 No communication 309 (24.9) 72 (23.3) 10.165 0.006 108 (35.0) 5.258 0.072
 <2 times a day 438 (35.3) 144 (32.9)    122 (27.9)   
 ≥2 times a day 495 (39.9) 163 (33.0)    140 (28.3)   
Exercise
 Regular exercise 378 (30.4) 83 (22.0) 18.873 <0.001 89 (23.5) 10.130 0.001
 No exercise 864 (69.6) 296 (34.3)    281 (32.5)   
Total 1242 (100.0) 380 (30.6)    370 (29.8)   
  1. COVID Corona Virus Disease, CNY China Yuan.