a Differentially abundant ZOTUS between pepper and watermelon. ZOTUs were independently detected by both the DESeq2 and random forest classifiers. Positive log2Fold values indicate greater abundance in the pepper group compared with the watermelon group. Dots with the same color represent different ZOTUs within the same genus. b The inferred metabolic potential of gut-associated bacterial communities of B. tabaci growing on pepper and watermelon plants. Only LEfSe discriminative pathways are shown. The dendrogram with turquoise and orange columns highlights the pepper cluster, while the purple and pink columns dendrogram highlights the watermelon cluster. Similarly, the dendrogram with gray colored rows highlights pathways associated with the pepper cluster, while the brown, yellow, and green rows dendrogram highlights pathways associated with the watermelon cluster. Z-Score (standardized score) for each pathway was calculated by subtracting the mean of all samples from the value of each specific sample, and dividing the obtained difference by the standard deviation of the mean.