Table 2 Characteristics of SwiSCI Inception Cohort Study participants and participants included within this study.

From: Examining the complexity of functioning in persons with spinal cord injury attending first rehabilitation in Switzerland using structural equation modelling

CharacteristicsSwiSCI Inception Cohort Study (N = 883)Present study before missing data imputation (N = 390)P value
Sex0.43
 Female (%)289 (32.73)119 (30.51) 
 Male (%)594 (67.27)271 (69.49) 
 Missing (%)0 (0)0 (0) 
Mean age at SCI diagnosis, years (s.d.)55.57 (18.44)53.82 (16.47)<0.05
Median age at SCI diagnosis, years (1./3. quantiles)58 (43/71)55 (42/67) 
 Younger than or equal median age (%)435 (49.26)196 (50.26) 
 Older than median age (%)448 (50.74)194 (49.74) 
 Missing (%)0 (0)0 (0) 
Median length of stay, days (1./3. quantiles)126 (67/185.5)133.5 (75.25/192.5)0.06
 Missing (%)0 (0)0 (0) 
Language of correspondence0.99
 German (%)678 (76.78)299 (76.67) 
 French (%)172 (19.48)78 (20.00) 
 Italian (%)23 (2.60)11 (2.82) 
 Other (%)3 (0.34)2 (0.51) 
 Missing (%)7 (0.79)0 (0) 
Aetiology0.47
 Traumatic (%)497 (56.29)228 (58.46) 
 Non-traumatic (%)386 (43.71)162 (41.54) 
 Missing (%)0 (0)0 (0) 
Level of injury at discharge<0.001
 Tetraplegia (%)271 (30.69)152 (38.97) 
 Paraplegia (%)436 (49.38)235 (60.26) 
 Intact (%)28 (3.17)0 (0) 
 Missing (%)148 (16.76)3 (0.77) 
Severity of injury at discharge0.22
 Complete (%)140 (15.86)63 (16.15) 
 Incomplete (%)586 (66.36)324 (83.08) 
 Missing (%)157 (17.78)3 (0.77) 
AIS-based neurological groups at discharge<0.05
 C1–4 AIS A, B or C (%)41(4.64)16 (4.10) 
 C5–8 AIS A, B or C (%)39 (4.42)19 (4.87) 
 T1-S5 AIS A, B or C (%)162 (18.35)80 (20.51) 
 AIS D (%)455 (51.53)271 (69.49) 
 AIS E (%)27 (3.06)0 (0) 
 Missing (%)159 (18.01)4 (1.03) 
  1. Distribution equality tests were performed using Pearson’s χ2 test (without continuity correction) for categorical variables and Mann–Whitney test (without continuity correction) for continuous variables.
  2. AIS American Spinal Injury Association Impairment Scale, SCI spinal cord injury, SwiSCI Swiss Spinal Cord Injury Cohort Study.