Fig. 1: Structural models showing the relationships of body structures and functions with activities of daily living. | Spinal Cord

Fig. 1: Structural models showing the relationships of body structures and functions with activities of daily living.

From: Examining the complexity of functioning in persons with spinal cord injury attending first rehabilitation in Switzerland using structural equation modelling

Fig. 1

a Completely standardised parameter estimates of the structural model about anxiety (N = 390). b Completely standardised parameter estimates of the structural model about depression (N = 390). c Completely standardised parameter estimates of the structural model about optimism (N = 390). d Completely standardised parameter estimates of the structural model about self-esteem (N = 390). ADL activities of daily living, Ref reference response option of binary variables. Squares indicate observable variables including the independence in performing activities of daily living (ADL) specified by the interval sum score of the Spinal Cord Independence Measure version III (SCIM III); ellipses indicate latent factors; single-headed arrows indicate direct effects including measurement errors; double-headed arrows indicate correlations; correlations among and measurement errors of independent observable variables are omitted; *P < 0.05; **P < 0.01.

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