The Spinal Cord Ability Ruler (SCAR) complements the Spinal Cord Independence Measure (SCIM)

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    Reed R, Mehra M, Kirshblum S, Maier D, Lammertse D, Blight A, et al. Spinal cord ability ruler: An interval scale to measure volitional performance after spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord. 2017;55:730–8.

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    Catz A, Itzkovich M, Tesio L, Biering-Sorensen F, Weeks C, Laramee MT, et al. A multicenter international study on the Spinal Cord Independence Measure, version III: Rasch psychometric validation. Spinal Cord. 2007;45:275–91.

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Author information


  1. ICORD, University of British Columbia, Vancouver/Kelowna, BC, Canada

    • John Steeves
  2. University Hospital Balgrist, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland

    • Armin Curt
  3. Tigermed-Macrostat, Gaithersburg, MD, USA

    • Munish Mehra
  4. Heidelberg University Hospital, Heidelberg, Germany

    • Rüdiger Rupp
    •  & Norbert Weidner
  5. Acorda Therapeutics, Hawthorne, NY, USA

    • Andrew Blight
  6. Trauma Center Murnau, Murnau, Germany

    • Doris Maier
  7. Craig H. Neilsen Foundation, Encino, CA, USA

    • Linda Jones
  8. Craig Hospital, Denver, CO, USA

    • Daniel Lammertse
  9. Trauma Center Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany

    • Rainer Abel
  10. Kessler Institute and Rutgers University, West Orange, NJ, USA

    • Steven Kirshblum


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Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to John Steeves.