Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

  • Comment
  • Published:

Medicaid policy changes are set to allow coverage for some health services for youth in custody: what should pediatricians know?

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Access options

Buy this article

Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout


  1. Borschmann, R. et al. The health of adolescents in detention: a global scoping review. Lancet Public Health 5, e114–e126 (2020).

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  2. Dickens, C. et al. Time-sensitive healthcare guidelines for youth with chronic diseases in custody: gaps in care. Pediatr. Res. (2023).

  3. Barnert, E. & DeBaun, M. R. Increasing access to quality healthcare for children who are incarcerated: American Pediatric Society issue of the year (2023–2024). Pediatr. Res. 95, 610–612, (2024).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  4. Health and Re-entry Project, Medicaid’s new role in advancing re-entry: key policy changes. (2024).

  5. Kaiser Family Foundation, Medicaid S 1115 Waiver Tracker, (2024).

  6. Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, Opportunities to test transition-related strategies to support community reentry and improve care transitions for individuals who are incarcerated, (2023).

  7. Aslan, M. et al. Health care in U.S. correctional facilities—a limited and threatened constitutional right. N. Engl. J. Med. 388, 847–852 (2023).

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references


Thank you to the American Pediatric Society (APS) and to the Society for Pediatric Research (SPR) for supporting this initiative that is crucial to the health of our children. Thank you also to the Harvard FXB Center for Health and Human Rights for supporting this research.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations



All authors confirm joint responsibility for the article conception and design, and manuscript preparation.

Corresponding authors

Correspondence to Tess Kelly or Elizabeth Barnert.

Ethics declarations

Competing interests

M.R.D. and his institution sponsor two externally funded research investigator-initiated projects. Global Blood Therapeutics (GBT) will provide funding for the cost of the clinical studies. GBT was not a co-sponsor of either study. M.R.D. did not receive any compensation for the conduct of these two investigator-initiated observational studies. M.R.D. is a member of the Global Blood Therapeutics advisory board for a proposed randomized controlled trial for which he receives compensation. M.R.D. is on the steering committee for a Novartis-sponsored phase II trial to prevent priapism in men. M.R.D. was a medical advisor in developing the CTX001 Early Economic Model. M.R.D. provided medical input on the economic model as part of an expert reference group for the Vertex/CRISPR CTX001 Early Economic Model in 2020. M.R.D. consulted for the Forma Pharmaceutical company about sickle cell disease in 2021 and 2022. E.B. volunteers on the Board of Directors of the National Commission on Correctional Health Care (NCCHC) and on the Advisory Board of Human Rights for Kids. The authors have no other relevant affiliations or financial involvement with any organization or entity with a financial interest in or conflict with the subject matter or materials discussed in the manuscript apart from those disclosed.

Additional information

Publisher’s note Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Kelly, T., Dankoff, J., Anoshiravani, A. et al. Medicaid policy changes are set to allow coverage for some health services for youth in custody: what should pediatricians know?. Pediatr Res (2024).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • DOI:


Quick links