The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10), a commonly used nutritional supplement, on intracranial aneurysm (IA) initiation and progression in a mouse model, as well as the mechanism.
Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) was used to treat mouse-derived vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) to induce oxidative injury, followed by incubation with CoQ10. In the mouse IA model established by elastase injection, CoQ10 was orally administered at 10 mg/kg every other day for 14 days, during which the incidence of IA, rupture rate, symptom-free survival, and systolic blood pressure were recorded.
CoQ10 promoted the expression of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 and antioxidant enzymes. In H2O2-treated VSMCs, reactive oxygen species and cell apoptosis were reduced by CoQ10. In IA mice, CoQ10 treatment decreased the rupture rate of IA, improved the symptom-free survival, and reduced systolic blood pressure. Macrophage infiltration and expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines in the cerebral arteries were mitigated by CoQ10 treatment.
CoQ10 is effective in reducing oxidative stress in VSMCs, thereby attenuating IA formation and rupture in mice. CoQ10 also alleviates inflammation and restores normal phenotypes of VSMCs in the cerebral arteries. Our data suggest that CoQ10 is a potentially effective drug for managing IA.
To investigate the effect of CoQ10, a commonly used nutritional supplement, on IA initiation and progression in a mouse model, as well as the mechanism.
CoQ10 promoted the expression of Nrf2 and antioxidant enzymes. In H2O2-treated VSMCs, ROS and cell apoptosis were reduced by CoQ10.
CoQ10 is effective in reducing oxidative stress in VSMCs, thereby attenuating IA formation and rupture in mice.
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This study was supported by Science and Technology Project of Quanzhou City of Fujian Province (2018T007R).
The authors declare no competing interests.
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Huang, J., Zhang, H., You, L. et al. Coenzyme Q10 inhibits intracranial aneurysm formation and progression in a mouse model. Pediatr Res (2021). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41390-021-01512-8