Correspondence | Published:

Expanding the definition of pediatric environmental health

Access optionsAccess options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.

from$8.99

All prices are NET prices.

Additional information

Publisher’s note: Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

References

  1. 1.

    Wright, R. O., Bearer, C. F. & Witherspoon, N. O. Calling for research articles on environmental health. Pediatr. Res. 85, 414 (2019).

  2. 2.

    American Public Health Association. Protecting the health of children: a national snapshot of environmental health services. https://www.apha.org/topics-and-issues/environmental-health/child-health (2019).

  3. 3.

    World Health Organization. Preamble to the Constitution of WHO as adopted by the International Health Conference, New York, 19 June–22 July 1946; signed on 22 July 1946 by the representatives of 61 States (Official Records of WHO, no. 2, p. 100) and entered into force on 7 April 1948.

  4. 4.

    Bateman, G. N., Daily, G. C., Levy, B. J. & Gross, J. J. The benefits of nature experience: improved affect and cognition. Land. Urban Plan. 128, 41–50 (2015).

  5. 5.

    Hunter, M. R., Gillespie, B. W. & Chen, S. Y.-P. Urban nature experiences reduce stress in the context of daily life based on salivary biomarkers. Front. Psychol. 10, 722 (2019).

  6. 6.

    Beyer, K. M. M., Szabo, A. & Nattinger, A. B. Time spent outdoors, depressive symptoms, and variation by race and ethnicity. Am. J. Prev. Med. 51, 281–290 (2016).

  7. 7.

    Piccininni, C., Michaelson, V., Janssen, I. & Pickett, W. Outdoord play and nature connectedness as potential correlates of internalized mental health symptoms among Canadian adolescents. Prev. Med. 112, 168–175 (2018).

  8. 8.

    Taylor, A. F., Kuo, F. E. & Sullivan, W. C. Views of nature and self-discipline: evidence from inner city children. J. Environ. Psychol. 22, 49–63 (2002).

  9. 9.

    Engemann, K. et al. Residential green space in childhood is associated with lower risk of psychiatric disorders from adolescence into adulthood. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 116, 5188–5193 (2019).

  10. 10.

    Donovan, G. H., Michael, Y. L., Gatziolis, D., Prestemon, J. P. & Whitsel, E. A. Is tree loss associated with cardiovascular-disease risk in the Women’s Health Initiative? A natural experiment. Health Place. 36, 1–7 (2015).

  11. 11.

    Donovan, G. H. et al. The relationship between trees and human health. Am. J. Prev. Med. 44, 139–145 (2013).

  12. 12.

    Becker, D. A., Browning, M. H. E. M., Kuo, M. & Van Den Eeden, S. K. Is green land cover associated with less health care spending? Promising findings from county-level Medicare spending in the continental United States. Urban Forest. Urban Green. 41, 39–47 (2019).

  13. 13.

    Yogman, M., Garner, A., Hutchinson, J., Hirsh-Pasek, K. & Golinkoff, R. M. The power of play: a pediatric role in enhancing development in young children. Pediatrics 142, e20182058 (2018).

  14. 14.

    Mainella, F. P., Agate, J. R. & Clark, B. S. Outdoor-based play and reconnection to nature: a neglected pathway to positive youth development. New Dir. Youth Dev. 130, 89–104 (2011).

Download references

Author information

Competing interests

The authors declare no competing interests.

Correspondence to Terrill Bravender.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark