Table 3 ORs and 95% CIs for type 2 diabetes across tertiles of the dietary patterns’ scores and per 1 SD of the dietary patterns' scores

From: Dietary patterns and type 2 diabetes among Ghanaian migrants in Europe and their compatriots in Ghana: the RODAM study

  Tertile 1 Tertile 2 Tertile 3 p for trend per 1 SD
  Ref. OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Europe (n = 1851)
 Factor 1
  Diabetes/no diabetes 94/523 63/554 59/558    
    Model 1 1.00 0.69 0.49–0.98 0.71 0.49–1.01 0.055 0.88 0.76–1.03
    Model 2 1.00 0.72 0.50–1.02 0.79 0.54–1.16 0.204 0.94 0.79–1.11
    Model 3 1.00 0.62 0.43–0.90 0.70 0.47–1.03 0.058 0.89 0.75–1.06
 Factor 2
  Diabetes/no diabetes 69/548 82/535 65/552    
    Model 1 1.00 1.07 0.75–1.53 0.71 0.49–1.04 0.051 0.95 0.82–1.10
    Model 2 1.00 1.11 0.77–1.59 0.78 0.52–1.16 0.175 1.00 0.85–1.18
    Model 3 1.00 1.11 0.77–1.61 0.94 0.62–1.42 0.716 1.09 0.92–1.29
Urban Ghana (n = 1420)
 Factor 1
  Diabetes/no diabetes 72/401 36/438 27/446    
    Model 1 1.00 0.57 0.37–0.88 0.53 0.32–0.86 0.007 0.74 0.60–0.93
    Model 2 1.00 0.58 0.37–0.91 0.58 0.33–1.05 0.045 0.77 0.59–1.02
    Model 3 1.00 0.55 0.34–0.87 0.55 0.30–0.98 0.027 0.74 0.56–0.97
 Factor 2
  Diabetes/no diabetes 42/431 50/424 43/430    
    Model 1 1.00 1.11 0.71–1.72 0.99 0.63–1.57 0.941 0.98 0.82–1.18
    Model 2 1.00 1.12 0.71–1.79 1.14 0.67–1.94 0.644 1.07 0.85–1.34
    Model 3 1.00 1.13 0.71–1.81 1.17 0.68–2.01 0.575 1.08 0.87–1.36
Rural Ghana (n = 942)
 Factor 1
  Diabetes/no diabetes 20/294 19/295 7/307    
    Model 1 1.00 1.18 0.61–2.31 0.47 0.19–1.15 0.103 0.81 0.57–1.15
    Model 2 1.00 1.39 0.70–2.78 0.70 0.27–1.80 0.533 0.98 0.67–1.45
    Model 3 1.00 1.60 0.79–3.26 0.69 0.26–1.83 0.557 0.99 0.67–1.48
 Factor 2
  Diabetes/no diabetes 24/290 10/304 12/302    
    Model 1 1.00 0.45 0.21–0.98 0.62 0.30–1.27 0.185 0.75 0.53–1.05
    Model 2 1.00 0.45 0.20–0.98 0.81 0.35–1.89 0.518 0.81 0.54–1.20
    Model 3 1.00 0.45 0.20–1.02 0.76 0.32–1.79 0.459 0.79 0.52–1.19
  1. Model 1: age, sex
  2. Model 2: Model 1 plus education (never or elementary; low; intermediate; high vocational), total energy intake (kcal/day), smoking (never; current; former), physical activity (METs-h per week);
  3. Model 3: Model 2 plus BMI (kg/m2), waist circumference (cm)
  4. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval, SD standard deviation