Table 2 ORs and 95% CIs for type 2 diabetes through tertiles of the dietary patterns’ scores and per 1 SD of the dietary pattern scores (n = 4213)

From: Dietary patterns and type 2 diabetes among Ghanaian migrants in Europe and their compatriots in Ghana: the RODAM study

  Tertile 1 Tertile 2 Tertile 3 p for trend per 1 SD
  Ref. OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
“Mixed” dietary pattern
 Diabetes/no diabetes 115/1289 120/1285 162/1242    
   Model 1 1.00 0.89 0.64–1.22 0.77 0.49–1.21 0.279 0.86 0.73–1.03
   Model 2 1.00 0.93 0.67–1.29 0.92 0.57–1.48 0.815 0.95 0.78–1.15
   Model 3 1.00 0.93 0.67–1.29 1.00 0.62–1.61 0.874 1.02 0.83–1.24
Screen-detecteddiabetes/no diabetes* 46/1272 52/1266 40/1278    
Model 3 1.00 1.14 0.72–1.82 0.87 0.41–1.85 0.617 0.80 0.56–1.13
“Rice, pasta, meat and fish” pattern
 Diabetes/no diabetes 176/1228 128/1277 93/1311    
   Model 1 1.00 0.78 0.61–1.00 0.65 0.49–0.86 0.003 0.80 0.71–0.91
   Model 2 1.00 0.81 0.63–1.05 0.74 0.55–1.01  < 0.001 0.85 0.74–0.97
   Model 3 1.00 0.74 0.57–0.97 0.66 0.48–0.90 0.007 0.80 0.70–0.92
Screen-detected diabetes/no diabetes* 54/1264 48/1270 36/1282    
Model 3 1.00 0.88 0.58–1.34 0.70 0.42–1.16 0.171 0.85 0.68–1.06
“Roots, tubers, and plantain” pattern
 Diabetes/no diabetes 155/1249 139/1266 103/1301    
   Model 1 1.00 0.96 0.74–1.24 0.82 0.61–1.10 0.180 0.93 0.81–1.06
   Model 2 1.00 1.00 0.77–1.30 0.94 0.69–1.29 0.715 1.02 0.88–1.18
   Model 3 1.00 1.00 0.77–1.31 0.98 0.71–1.35 0.900 1.04 0.90–1.21
Screen-detected diabetes/no diabetes* 59/1259 45/1273 34/1284    
Model 3 1.00 0.66 0.43–1.02 0.52 0.31–0.88 0.016 0.88 0.69–1.12