Table 1 General characteristics of the RODAM study participants (n = 4213)

From: Dietary patterns and type 2 diabetes among Ghanaian migrants in Europe and their compatriots in Ghana: the RODAM study

  All (n = 4213) Men (n = 1572) Women (n = 2641) Rural Ghana (n = 942) Urban Ghana (n = 1420) Europe (n = 1851)
Sex (% male) 38.0 38.7 28.8 43.3
Age (years) 46.2 ± 11.0 47.0 ± 11.3 45.8 ± 10.8 46.8 ± 12.7 45.3 ± 11.4 46.7 ± 9.6
Education (%)       
 Never or elementary 37.4 22.1 46.4 56.9 43.6 22.7
 Low 37.5 41.4 35.1 31.9 39.0 39.1
 Intermediate 16.5 22.5 12.9 7.6 12.7 23.9
 Higher vocational 8.7 14.0 5.6 3.6 4.8 14.3
Smoking (% current or former) 9.4 19.7 3.2 7.9 6.9 12.0
Total energy intake (kcal per day) 2532 ± 838 2626 ± 862 2476 ± 818 2620 ± 842 2313 ± 668 2654 ± 916
Physical activity (METs-h per week)* 72 (14, 170) 96 (28, 198) 60 (10, 156) 90 (36, 168) 60 (6, 156) 64 (14,188)
BMI (kg/m2) 26.8 ± 5.5 24.9 ± 4.4 27.9 ± 5.7 22.6 ± 4.3 26.9 ± 5.3 28.8 ± 4.9
Waist circumference (cm) 89.7 ± 12.6 87.0 ± 12.2 91.3 ± 12.6 81.2 ± 10.8 89.3 ± 11.8 94.4 ± 11.6
T2D (%) 9.4 11.1 8.4 4.9 9.5 11.7