Table 4 Total and Food Group Australian Child and Adolescent Recommended Food Score (ACARFS) by age group in children with T1DM

From: An audit of the dietary intake of Australian children with type 1 diabetes

ACARFS       Total
   Age groups  
  Total score available 2–3 years 4–8 years 9–13 years ≥14 years  
ACARFS vegetables 21 9.2 ± 5.1 9.3 ± 4.8 10.5 ± 4.6 9.2 ± 4.5 9.8 ± 4.6
ACARFS fruit 12 6.1 ± 3.3 6.2 ± 2.7 5.6 ± 2.8 4.4 ± 2.7 5.3 ± 2.8
ACARFS meat 7 1.8 ± 1.3 2.3 ± 1.2 2.4 ± 1.2 2.3 ± 1.3 2.3 ± 1.3
ACARFS alternate proteins 6 2.0 ± 1.1 1.5 ± 1.2 1.5 ± 1.2 1.5 ± 1.2 1.5 ± 1.2
ACARFS grains 13 6.0 ± 2.0 5.6 ± 1.8 5.5 ± 1.8 4.9 ± 1.8 5.3 ± 1.8
ACARFS dairy 11 5.6 ± 1.3 5.6 ± 2.2 5.1 ± 2.0 4.4 ± 1.9 5.0 ± 2.0
ACARFS water 1 0.6 ± 0.5 0.5 ± 0.5 0.7 ± 0.5 0.5 ± 0.5 0.6 ± 0.5
ACARFS extra 2 1.0 ± 0.9 1.3 ± 0.8 1.1 ± 0.8 1.0 ± 0.7 1.1 ± 0.8
ACARFS total 73 32.2 ± 7.9 31.7 ± 9.9 32.10 ± 9.2 28.0 ± 8.9 30.6 ± 9.4
Proportion of energy from core foods   75.9 ± 4.7 66.1 ± 10.6 64.7 ± 12.2 63.8 ± 11.9 64.9 ± 11.8
Proportion of energy from takeaway foods   4.3 ± 2.8 8.2 ± 4.0 8.4 ± 4.2 10.0 ± 5.3 8.8 ± 4.7
  1. ARFS total scores ≥32 good diet quality; 19–31 moderate diet quality; ≤ 18 poor diet quality