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SLG is supported in part by NIH R01DA044297. The Yerkes National Primate Research Center is supported by NIH P51OD011132.
The author declares no competing interest.
Publisher’s note Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
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Gourley, S.L. A dubious distinction for females: rapid achievement of prefrontal cortical hypoactivity and cognitive deficit upon remifentanil self-administration. Neuropsychopharmacol. (2021). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41386-021-01053-y