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Prevention of schizophrenia deficits via non-invasive adolescent frontal cortex stimulation in rats


Schizophrenia is a severe neurodevelopmental psychiatric affliction manifested behaviorally at late adolescence/early adulthood. Current treatments comprise antipsychotics which act solely symptomatic, are limited in their effectiveness and often associated with side-effects. We here report that application of non-invasive transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) during adolescence, prior to schizophrenia-relevant behavioral manifestation, prevents the development of positive symptoms and related neurobiological alterations in the maternal immune stimulation (MIS) model of schizophrenia.

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We thank Renate Winter and Doris Zschaber for excellent technical assistance and Susanne Müller for profound support on MRI studies.


This research was supported by the BMBF, Germany (01EE1403A+C (GCBS), 01EW1409 (EraNet Neuron, RD_aDBS). FW, BH, EBH were/are financed by the DFG, Germany (WI 2140/1-1/2; WI 2140/3-1).

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Correspondence to Christine Winter.

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Hadar, R., Winter, R., Edemann-Callesen, H. et al. Prevention of schizophrenia deficits via non-invasive adolescent frontal cortex stimulation in rats. Mol Psychiatry 25, 896–905 (2020).

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