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This research was conducted using the UK Biobank resource. UK Biobank was established by the Wellcome Trust, Medical Research Council, Department of Health, Scottish Government, and Northwest Regional Development Agency. UK Biobank has also had funding from the Welsh Assembly Government and the British Heart Foundation. The work at Cardiff University was supported by Medical Research Council (MRC) Centre (MR/L010305/1) and Program Grants (G0800509).

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  1. MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics & Genomics, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK

    • Valentina Escott-Price
    • , Matthew Bracher-Smith
    • , Georgina Menzies
    • , James Walters
    • , George Kirov
    • , Michael J. Owen
    •  & Michael C. O’Donovan


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The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Correspondence to Valentina Escott-Price.

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