Fig. 11: Potential schemes for high-speed reconfiguration. | Light: Science & Applications

Fig. 11: Potential schemes for high-speed reconfiguration.

From: Kirigami/origami: unfolding the new regime of advanced 3D microfabrication/nanofabrication with “folding”

Fig. 11

a Electromechanically reconfigurable metamaterial actuated by electrostatic forces between metallic “meander” and wire structures112. Scale bar: 500 nm. b (i, ii) Schematic of a hybrid photonic–plasmonic disc resonator, whose vertical gap can be tuned by electrostatic forces113. (iii, iv) The resonant spectra can be tuned with a speed of 12 MHz. c Magneto-electro-optical modulation scheme achieved in (i) a chevron metamaterial through (ii) Lorentz forces114. d Intensity-dependent optical force-actuated nano-optomechanical reconfiguration in a dielectric metamaterial115. Images reprinted with permission from: a ref. 112, c ref. 114 from Springer Nature; b ref. 113; d ref. 115 from AIP

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