Highly expressed enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) has been associated with many kinds of cancers and other diseases, while its functional role in asthma is largely unknown. In our study, we investigated the molecular mechanism of EZH2 in the development of asthma. An ovalbumin-induced mouse asthma model was established, followed by injection of short hairpin RNA (sh)-EZH2, overexpression-B-cell translocation gene 2 (oe-BTG2), microRNA (miR)-34b agomir as well as their corresponding controls. Next, primary bronchial epithelial cells were isolated and cultured, followed by treatment of oe-FOXO3, miR-34b inhibitor, sh-EZH2, oe-BTG2, and corresponding controls. The effects of EZH2 on inflammation were evaluated by determining levels of inflammatory factors interleukin (IL)-4, IL-5, IL-13, IL-17, and protein levels of transforming growth factor β, matrix metalloproteinase-9, and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1. The interactions between EZH2 and forkhead box O3 (FOXO3), between FOXO3 and miR-34b promoter, and between miR-34b and BTG2 were analyzed by conducting dual-luciferase reporter and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays. Notably, EZH2 and BTG2 were significantly overexpressed, while FOXO3 and miR-34b were obviously underexpressed in asthma. EZH2 silencing led to inhibited inflammation though upregulation of FOXO3, which could bind to the miR-34b promoter and facilitate its expression. In turn, miR-34b reduced BTG2 expression by targeting its 3’untranslated region. Our study provides evidence that EZH2 promotes asthma progression by regulating the FOXO3-miR-34b-BTG2 axis.
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The datasets generated and analyzed during the current study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.
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We acknowledge and appreciate our colleagues for their valuable suggestions and technical assistance for this study.
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The authors declare no competing interests.
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All experimental procedures involving animals were approved by the Ethics Committee of Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee of Linyi People’s Hospital. Extensive efforts were made to numbers and discomfort the suffering of the included animals.
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Liu, B., Sun, H., Wang, J. et al. Potential role for EZH2 in promotion of asthma through suppression of miR-34b transcription by inhibition of FOXO3. Lab Invest (2021). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41374-021-00585-7