This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution
Subscribe to this journal
Receive 12 print issues and online access
$259.00 per year
only $21.58 per issue
Rent or buy this article
Prices vary by article type
Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout
Fivez T, Kerklaan D, Mesotten D, Verbruggen S, Wouters PJ, Vanhorebeek I, et al. Early versus late parenteral nutrition in critically ill children. N Engl J Med. 2016;374:1111–22.
Martini S, Beghetti I, Annunziata M, Aceti A, Galletti S, Ragni L, et al. Enteral nutrition in term infants with congenital heart disease: knowledge gaps and future directions to improve clinical practice. Nutrients. 2021;13:932.
Morgan J, Young L, McGuire W. Delayed introduction of progressive enteral feeds to prevent necrotizing enterocolitis in very low birth weight infants. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2014;12:CD001970.
Wildhaber BE, Yang H, Spencer AU, Drongowski RA, Teitelbaum DH. Lack of enteral nutrition—effects on the intestinal immune system. J Surg Res. 2005;123:8–16.
Ojha S, Dorling J, Battersby C, Longford N, Gale C. Optimising nutrition during therapeutic hypothermia. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2019;104:F230–1.
Jacobs SE, Berg M, Hunt R, Tarnow-Mordi WO, Inder TE, Davis PG. Cooling for newborns with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013;1:CD003311.
Gluckman PD, Wyatt JS, Azzopardi D, Ballard R, Edwards AD, Ferriero DM, et al. Selective head cooling with mild systemic hypothermia after neonatal encephalopathy. Lancet. 2005;365:663–70.
Jacobs SE, Morley CJ, Inder TE, Stewart MJ, Smith KR, McNamara PJ, et al. Whole-body hypothermia for term and near-term newborns with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2011;165:692–700.
Azzopardi D, Strohm B, Edwards AD, Dyet L, Halliday HL, Juszczak E, et al. Moderate hypothermia to treat perinatal asphyxia encephalopathy. N Engl J Med. 2009;361:1349–58.
Shankaran S, Laptook AR, Ehrenkranz RA, Tyson JE, McDonald SA, Donovan EF, et al. Whole-body hypothermia for neonates with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. N Engl J Med. 2005;353:1574–84.
Allen G, Babarao, Murphy A, Derwas E. Nutrition during therapeutic hypothermia in neonates. Arch Dis Child. 2014;99:A441–2.
Hazeldine B, Thyagarajan B, Grant M, Chakkarapani E. Survey of nutritional practices during therapeutic hypothermia for hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. BMJ Paediatr Open. 2017;1:e000022.
Chang LL, Wynn JL, Pacella MJ, Rossignol CC, Banadera F, Alviedo N, et al. Enteral feeding as an adjunct to hypothermia in neonates with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. Neonatology. 2018;113:347–52.
Thyagarajan B, Tillqvist E, Baral V, Hallberg B, Vollmer B, Blennow M. Minimal enteral nutrition during neonatal treatment for perinatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy is safe and feasible. Acta Pediatr. 2014;104:146–51.
Webbe JWH, Duffy JMN, Afonso E, Al-Muzaffar I, Brunton G, Greenough A, et al. Core outcomes in neonatology: development of a core outcome set for neonatal research. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2020;105:F425–31.
van Smeden M, de Groot JAH, Moons KGM, Collins GS, Altman DG, Eijkemans MJC, et al. No rationale for 1 variable per 10 events criterion for binary logistic regression analysis. BMC Med Res Methodol. 2016;16:163.
Vittinghoff E, McCulloch CE. Relaxing the rule of ten events per variable in logistic and cox regression. Am J Epidemiol. 2007;165:710–8.
Lalani N, Jiminez RB, Yeap B. Understanding propensity score analysis. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2020;107:404–7.
Austin PC. An introduction to propensity score methods for reducing the effects of confounding in observational studies. Multivar Behav Res. 2011;46:399–424.
Luellen JK, Shadish WR, Clark MH. Propensity scores: an introduction and experimental test. Eval Rev. 2005;29:530–58.
The Journal Club is a collaboration between the American Academy of Pediatrics-Section of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine and the International Society for Evidence-based Neonatology (EBNEO.org).
The authors declare no competing interests.
Publisher’s note Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
About this article
Cite this article
Gillen, M.C., Patel, R.M. Does enteral nutrition during therapeutic hypothermia increase the risk for necrotizing enterocolitis?. J Perinatol (2023). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41372-023-01771-9