Table 2 Adjusted models regressing COVID-19 health worries and NICU admission (prematurity as a primary reason for admission as sub-analyses) on maternal depression, anxiety, PTSD, and loneliness, data collected between May 21, 2020 and September 23, 2020.

From: COVID-19-related health worries compound the psychiatric distress experienced by families of high-risk infants

  COVID-19 health worries NICUa COVID-19 health worries × NICU
Depression F (1, 603) = 32.13, p < 0.001*** F (1, 603) = 2.54, p = 0.112 F (1, 603) = 32.13, p = 0.1
Generalized anxiety F (1, 590) = 69.52, p < 0.001*** F (1, 590) = 6.90, p = 0.009** F (1, 590) = 5.25, p = 0.02*
PTSD F (1, 585) = 27.54, p < 0.001*** F (1, 585) = 12.37, p < 0.001*** F (1, 585) = 3.10, p = 0.08
Loneliness F (1, 609) = 13.83, p < 0.001*** F (1, 609) = 3.86, p = 0.05 F (1, 609) = 4.44, p = 0.04*
  COVID-19 health worries Prematurityb COVID-19 health worries × prematurity
Depression F (1, 53) = 8.77, p = 0.005** F (1, 53) = 0.73, p = 0.40 F (1, 53) = 3.30, p = 0.08
Generalized anxiety F (1, 54) = 29.27, p < 0.001*** F (1, 54) = 1.07, p = 0.31 F (1, 54) = 1.18, p = 0.28
PTSD F (1, 51) = 10.29, p = 0.002** F (1, 51) = 0.97, p = 0.33 F (1, 51) = 5.34, p = 0.03*
Loneliness F (1, 54) = 6.79, p = 0.012* F (1, 54) = 0.67, p = 0.42 F (1, 54) = 0.15, p = 0.70
  1. p < 0.1, *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001.
  2. aNICU N range: 59–62, non-NICU N range: 542–563.
  3. Covariates: pandemic days; child age; maternal age; income; pre-existing diagnosis of depression, generalized anxiety, and PTSD; number of life events; first pregnancy; cohabitation; daily discrimination; instrumental support.
  4. bAdmitted for prematurity, N range: 25–26, Not admitted for prematurity, N range: 34–37.
  5. Covariates: pandemic days; child age; maternal age; income.