Table 4 Association between unit characteristics and restrictions applied during the COVID-19 pandemic.

From: Care of hospitalized infants and their families during the COVID-19 pandemic: an international survey

Parents/primary caregivers'
  N Restrictions in presence n (%) p Restrictions in care participation n (%) p
COVID-19 infection rate in geographical area
  High 41 32 (78) 0.30 30 (75.0) 0.26
  Medium 25 21 (84)   22 (88.0)  
  Low 26 24 (92)   18 (69.2)  
Unit design
  Single-rooms 25 20 (80.0) 0.32 8 (32.0) 0.04
  Multiple-bed rooms 52 42 (80.7)   24 (47.1)  
  Mixed 19 18 (94.7)   10 (52.6)  
Unit size
  Small 20 19 (95.0) 0.03 9 (45.0) 0.07
  Medium 41 29 (70.7)   5 (12.2)  
  Large 28 25 (89.3)   8 (28.6)  
Developmental care training
  NIDCAP 38 29 (76.3) 0.29 27 (71.0) 0.37
  Other 46 41 (89.1)   36 (78.2)  
  None 12 10 (83.3)   10 (83.3)  
Involvement of unit leadership in COVID-19 policies
  Yes 49 40 (81.6) 0.65 41 (83.6) 0.10
  No 47 40 (85.1)   32 (68.0)