Table 2 Care practices before COVID-19 pandemic.

From: Care of hospitalized infants and their families during the COVID-19 pandemic: an international survey

  N n (%)
Parents/primary caregivers
       Presence welcomed 24/7 96 83 (86.5)
       Presence in medical rounds 94 73 (77.7)
       Overnight presence 96 72 (75.0)
Welcomed in medical procedures 92  
        Blood sampling   70 (76.1)
        Line insertion   58 (63.0)
        Endotracheal suctioning   63 (68.5)
        Endotracheal intubation   24 (26.1)
        Ultrasound examination   71 (77.2)
        Retinopathy screening   54 (58.7)
Encouragement of skin-to-skin care 96 89 (92.7)
Promotion of breastfeeding 95 89 (93.7)
Use of mother’s expressed milk 95 90 (94.7)
Grandparents/family caregivers 96  
        Presence welcomed   28 (29.1)
        Presence restricted   41 (42.7)
        Presence not allowed   27 (28.1)
Siblings 79  
        Presence welcomed   20 (25.3)
        Presence restricted   33 (41.8)
        Presence not allowed   26 (32.9)
Psychological support
        To parents/primary caregivers 95 74 (77.9)
        To health care team 83 30 (36.1)
        Online to parents/primary caregivers 79 22 (27.8)
        Online to health care team 80 12 (15.0)