Hypertension and cardiovascular risk factors when treating cancer patients: underrecognised and undertreated

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Fig. 1: Theoretical model of bidirectional relationship of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cancer.


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Correspondence to Gregory Y. H. Lip.

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Conflict of interest

HE has nothing to declare. GYHL reports consultancy and speaker fees from Bayer, Bayer/Janssen, BMS/Pfizer, Biotronik, Medtronic, Boehringer Ingelheim, Microlife, Roche and Daiichi-Sankyo outside the submitted work. No fees received personally. ARP has received research funding from AstraZeneca, Celgene, Chugai, Gilead, GSK/Novartis, Napp and Roche and speaker fees and hospitality from Celgene, Gilead and Roche. The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Essa, H., Pettitt, A.R. & Lip, G.Y.H. Hypertension and cardiovascular risk factors when treating cancer patients: underrecognised and undertreated. J Hum Hypertens (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41371-020-00400-8

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