Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

Reply to Chiolero: Salt intake monitoring at a population level

Access options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.


  1. 1.

    Chiolero A. Salt intake monitoring at a population level. J Hum Hypertens. 2019.

  2. 2.

    Cappuccio FP, Sever PS. On behalf of the British and Irish Hypertension Society. The importance of a valid assessment of salt intake in individuals and populations. A scientific statement of the British and Irish Hypertension. Society. J Hum Hypertens. 2019;33:345–8.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Cappuccio FP, Beer M, Strazzullo P on behalf of the European Salt Action Network. Population dietary salt reduction and the risk of cardiovascular disease. A scientific statement from the European Salt Action Network. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2019;29:107–14.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Campbell NRC, He FJ, Tan M, Cappuccio FP, Neal B, Woodward M, et al. The International Consortium for Quality Research on Dietary Sodium/Salt (TRUE) position statement on the use of 24-hour, spot and short duration (less than 24-hours) timed urine collections to assess dietary sodium intake. J Clin Hypertens. 2019;21:700–9.

  5. 5.

    Huang L, Woodward M, Stepien S, Tian M, Yiu X, Hao Z, et al. Spot urine samples compared to 24-h urine samples for estimating changes in urinary sodium and potassium excretion in the China Salt Substitute and Stroke Study. Int J Epidemiol. 2018;47:1811–20.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    World Health Organization. How to obtain measures of population-level sodium intake in 24-hour urine samples. WHO-EM/NUT/279/E. World Health Organization/Regional Office of the Eastern Mediterranean; 2018. p. 1–51.

  7. 7.

    World Health Organization. Dietary intake salt survey in the Republic of Moldova 2016. World Health Organization, Regional Office for Europe; 2018. p. 1–108.

  8. 8.

    World Health Organization. Global action plan for the prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases 2013–2020. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2013. p. 1–102.

Download references

Author information




Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

FPC is a Technical Advisor to the World Health Organization, and President and Trustee of the British and Irish Hypertension Society. PSS declares that he has no conflict of interest.

Additional information

Publisher’s note Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Cappuccio, F.P., Sever, P.S. & on behalf of the British and Irish Hypertension Society. Reply to Chiolero: Salt intake monitoring at a population level. J Hum Hypertens 34, 666–667 (2020).

Download citation


Quick links