Puhl RM, Heuer CA. The stigma of obesity: a review and update. Obes. 2009;17:941–64.
Lynagh M, Cliff K, Morgan PJ. Attitudes and beliefs of nonspecialist and specialist trainee health and physical education teachers toward obese children: evidence for “anti-fat” bias. J Sch Health. 2015;85:595–603.
Zavodny M. Does weight affect children’s test scores and teacher assessments differently? Eco Educ Rev. 2013;34:135–45.
Kenney EL, Gortmaker SL, Davison KK, Bryn Austin S. The academic penalty for gaining weight: a longitudinal, change-in-change analysis of BMI and perceived academic ability in middle school students. Int J Obes. 2015;39:1408–13.
Taras H, Potts-Datema W. Obesity and student performance at school. J Sch Health. 2005;75:291–5.
Caird J, Kavanagh J, Oliver K, Oliver S, O’Mara A, Stansfield C et al. Childhood Obesity and Educational Attainment. a systematic review. EPPI-Centre report no. 1901, London; 2018.
Santana CCA, Hill JO, Azevedo LB, Gunnarsdottir T, Prado WL. The association between obesity and academic performance in youth: a systematic review. Obes Rev. 2017;18:1191–9.
Martin A, Booth JN, McGeown S, Niven A, Sproule J, Saunders DH, et al. Longitudinal associations between childhood obesity and academic achievement: systematic review with focus group data. Curr Obes Rep. 2017;6:297–313.
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). Education at a glance 2017: OECD indicators. Paris: OECD Publishing; 2017.
Belfield C, Britton J, Dearden L, van der Erve J. Higher education funding in England: past, present and options for the future. London: The Institute for Fiscal Studies; 2017.
Suraya F, Meo SA, Almubarak Z, Alqaseem YA. Effect of obesity on academic grades among Saudi female medical students at College of Medicine, King Saud University: pilot study. J Pak Med Assoc. 2017;67:1266–9.
Karnehed N, Rasmussen F, Hemmingsson T, Tynelius P. Obesity and attained education: cohort study of more than 700,000 Swedish men. Obes. 2006;14:1421–8.
Cheng YA. Longer exposure to obesity, slimmer chance of college? Body weight trajectories, non-cognitive skills, and college completion. Youth Soc. 2017;49:203–27.
Benson R, von Hippel PT, Lynch JL Does more education cause lower BMI, or do lower-BMI individuals become more educated? Evidence from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979. Soc Sci Med. 2017;19. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2017.03.042.
von Hippel PT, Lynch JL. Why are educated adults slim—causations or selection? Soc Sci Med. 2014;105:131–9.
Fowler-Brown AG, Ngo LH, Phillips RS, Wee CC. Adolescent obesity and future college degree attainment. Obes. 2010;18:1235–41.
Gortmaker SL, Must A, Perrin JM, Sobol AM, Dietz WH. Social and economic consequences of overweight in adolescence and young adulthood. N Engl J Med. 1993;329:1008–12.
Amis J, Hussey A, Okunade A. Adolescent obesity, educational attainment, and adult earnings. Appl Econ Let. 2014;21:945–50.
Chung AE, Maslow GR, Skinner AC, Halpern CT, Perrin EM. Social, vocational, and educational outcomes of obesity in adulthood. J Gen Intern Med. 2011;26:S46.
Crosnoe R. Gender, obesity, and education. Sociol Educ. 2007;80:241–60.
Anderson AS, Good DJ. Increased body weight affects academic performance in university students. Prev Med Rep. 2017;5:220–3.
Odlaug BL, Lust K, Wimmelmann CL, Chamberlain SR, Mortensen EL, Derbyshire K, et al. Prevalence and correlates of being overweight or obese in college. Psychiat Res. 2015;227:58–64.
MacCann C, Roberts RD. Just as smart but not as successful: obese students obtain lower school grades but equivalent test scores to nonobese students. Int J Obes. 2013;37:40–6.
Canning H, Mayer J. Obesity—its possible effect on college acceptance. N Engl J Med. 1966;275:1172–4.
Franz DD, Feresu SA. The relationship between physical activity, body mass index, and academic performance and college-age students. Open J Epidemiol. 2013;3:4–11.
Sargeant JD, Blanchflower DG. Obesity and stature in adolescence and earnings in young adulthood. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1994;148:681–7.
Clarke PJ, O’Malley PM, Schulenberg JE, Lee H, Colabianchi N, Johnston LD. College expectations in high school mitigate weight gain over early adulthood: Findings from a national study of American youth. Obes. 2013;21:1321–7.
Ball K, Crawford D, Kenardy J. Longitudinal relationships among overweight, life satisfaction, and aspirations in young women. Obes Res. 2004;12:1019–30.
Andrews J, Robinson D, Hutchinson J. Closing the gap? Trends in Educational Attainment and Disadvantage. London: Education Policy Institute; 2017.
Thomson S, De Bortoli L, Buckley S PISA 2012: How Australia measures up. the PISA 2012 assessment of students’ mathematical, scientific and reading literacy. Melbourne: Australian Council for Educational Research, 2013.
Office for Fair Access (OFFA). https://www.offa.org.uk/universities-and-colleges/guidance/target-groups/. Accessed 24 May 2018.
Universities and Colleges Admissions Service (UCAS). 2017 end of cycle report. https://www.ucas.com/corporate/data-and-analysis/ucas-undergraduate-releases/ucas-undergraduate-analysis-reports/2017-end-cycle-report. Accessed 24 May 2018.
Crandall CS. Do parents discriminate against their heavyweight daughters? Pers Soc Psychol Bull. 1995;21:724–35.
van Geel M, Vedder P, Tanilon J. Are overweight and obese youths more often bullied by their peers? A meta-analysis on the correlation between weight status and bullying. Int J Obes. 2014;38:1263–7.
Neovius K, Johansson K, Kark M, Neovius M. Obesity status and sick leave: a systematic review. Obes Rev. 2009;10:17–27.
Cohen AK, Rai M, Rehkopf DH, Abrams B. Educational attainment and obesity: A systematic review. Obes Rev. 2013;14:989–1005.
Okanagan C. An international charter for health promoting universities and colleges. 2015. http://internationalhealthycampuses2015.sites.olt.ubc.ca/files/2016/01/Okanagan-Charter-January13v2.pdf. Accessed 24 May 2018.