Table 3 Mapping data sources to the Foresight obesity system map

From: Can big data solve a big problem? Reporting the obesity data landscape in line with the Foresight obesity system map

Traditional data
Cohort study Foresight nodes
UK Biobank http://www.ukbiobank.ac.uk/data-showcase/ 1.1 Education 1.4 Availability of passive entertainment options 1.15 Social rejection of smoking 1.16 Smoking cessation 2.1 Self-esteem 2.2 Face to face social interaction 2.4 Stress 2.10 Use of medicines 3.1 Physical activity 3.2 Functional fitness 3.4 Level of recreational activity 3.5 Level of domestic activity 3.6 Level of occupational activity 3.7 Level of transport activity 4.10 Ambient temperature 4.11 Dominance of motorised transport 5.2 Resting metabolic rate 5.4 Genetic and or epigenetic predisposition to obesity 5.6 Appropriateness of embryonic and foetal growth 5.12 Reliance on pharma remedies 5.13 Reliance on surgical interventions 5.24 Level of fat free mass 6.1 Purchasing power 6.15 Level of employment 7.3 Tendency to graze7.8 Food variety 7.9 Alcohol consumption 7.11 Energy density of food offerings 7.12 Fibre content of food and drink 7.13 Portion size 7.16 Nutritional quality of food and drink
Big Data
Data type/survey Foresight nodes
Access-card data (e.g., for entry into gyms, lifts, tube, self-service cycle hire) 3.1 Physical activity 3.4 Level of recreational activity 3.7 Level of transport activity 4.4 Cost of physical exercise 4.2 Opportunity for team based activity 4.3 Access to opportunities for physical exercise 4.6 Reliance on labour saving devices and services 4.9 Opportunity for un-motorised transport 4.13 Walkability of living environment
Census 1.1 Education 3.6 Level of occupational activity 3.7 Level of transport activity 4.11 Dominance of motorised transport 4.12 Dominance of sedentary employment 6.10 Female employment 6.15 Level of employment
Commercial survey data 1.1 Education 1.3 Media availability, 1.4 Availability of passive entertainment options 1.5 Sociocultural valuation of food 1.8 Media consumption 1.11 Exposure to food advertising, 1.12 TV watching 1.16 Smoking cessation 2.2 Face to face social interaction 2.9 Demand for indulgence/compensation 3.1 Physical activity 3.4 Level of recreational activity 3.5 Level of domestic activity 3.6 Level of occupational activity 3.7 Level of transport activity 4.6 Reliance on labour saving devices and services 4.11 Dominance of motorised transport 6.1 Purchasing power 6.2 Pressure to improve access to food offerings 6.3 Pressure to cater for acquired tastes 6.4 Demand for health 6.10 Female employment 6.15 Level of employment 6.16 Pressure for growth and profitability 6.17 Societal pressure to consume 7.1 Force of dietary habits 7.3 Tendency to graze 7.4 Food exposure 7.5 Food abundance 7.6 De-skilling 7.7 Convenience of food offerings 7.8 Food variety 7.9 Alcohol consumption 7.11 Energy density of food offerings 7.12 Fibre content of food and drink 7.13 Portion size 7.14 Demand for convenience 7.16 Nutritional quality of food and drink
Commercial weight-loss services 2.2 Face to face social interaction 5.1 Degree of primary appetite control 5.18 Appropriateness of nutrient partitioning 5.24 Level of Fat Free 7.6 De-skilling 7.9 Alcohol consumption 7.13 Portion size 7.15 Rate of eating 7.16 Nutritional quality of food and drink
Crime survey for England 4.1 Perceived danger in the environment
GP/NHS data 1.16 Smoking cessation 2.4 Stress 2.10 Use of medicines 5.5 Appropriateness of maternal body composition 5.6 Appropriateness of embryonic and foetal growth 5.12 Reliance on pharma remedies 5.13 Reliance on surgical interventions 5.14 Level of infections 5.16 Side effects of drug use 5.19 Appropriateness of child growth 5.20 Quality and quantity of breastfeeding and weaning 7.9 Alcohol consumption
Health/physical activity/diet tracking apps 1.16 Smoking cessation 2.4 Stress
3.1 Physical activity 3.2 Functional fitness 3.3 NEAT non-volitional activity 3.4 Level of recreational activity 3.5 Level of domestic activity 3.6 Level of occupational activity 3.7 Level of transport activity 4.2 Opportunities for team based activity 4.3 Access to opportunities for Physical exercise 4.4 Cost of physical exercise 4.10 Ambient temperature 7.4 Food exposure 4.13 Walkability of living environment 4.12 Dominance of sedentary employment 5.20 Quality and quantity of breastfeeding and weaning 6.1 Purchasing power 6.4 Demand for health 6.8 Desire to maximise volume 6.9 Desire to differentiate food offerings 6.11 Desire to minimise costs 6.12 Standardisation of food offerings 6.13 Market price of food offerings, 6.17 Societal pressure to consume 7.4 Food exposure 7.5 Food abundance 7.7 Convenience of food offerings 7.8 Food variety 7.9 Alcohol consumption 7.11 Energy density of food offerings 7.12 Fibre content of food and drink, 7.13 Portion size 7.14 Demand for convenience, 7.16 Nutritional quality of food and drink 7.6 De-skilling 7.1 Force of dietary habits
Health survey for England 1.1 Education 1.16 Smoking cessation 2.1 Self-esteem 2.3 Individualism 2.4 Stress 2.6 Psychological ambivalence 2.10 Use of medicines 4.12 Dominance of sedentary employment 5.12 Reliance on pharma remedies 5.14 Level of infections 6.6 Pressure on job performance 6.10 Female employment 6.15 Level of employment
NB. Specific data collected varies yearly. Foresight mappings are based on 2014 data.
Labour force survey 3.5 Level of domestic activity 4.7 Social depreciation of labour 6.10 Female employment
Mapping data (e.g., from Ordnance Survey) 4.2 Opportunity for team based activity 4.3 Access to opportunities for physical exercise 4.9 Opportunity for un-motorised transport 4.11 Dominance of motorised transport 4.13 Walkability of living environment 7.4 Food exposure 7.5 Food abundance 7.7 Convenience of food offerings 7.8 Food variety
Meteorological data 4.10 Ambient temperature
Social media 1.5 Sociocultural valuation of food 1.6 Importance of the ideal body size image 1.7 Social acceptability of fatness 1.15 Social rejection of smoking 2.2 Face to face social interaction (via ‘check-ins’)
Smart Motorway 3.7 Level of transport activity 4.11 Dominance of motorised transport
Retail sales data 1.8 Media consumption 1.11 Exposure to food advertising, 1.16 Smoking cessation 2.10 Use of medicines 4.6 Reliance on labour saving devices and services 5.7 Level of available energy 5.12 Reliance on pharma remedies 5.20 Quality and quantity of breastfeeding and weaning 6.1 Purchasing power 6.4 Demand for health 6.8 Desire to maximise volume 6.9 Desire to differentiate food offerings 6.11 Desire to minimise costs 6.12 Standardisation of food offerings 6.13 Market price of food offerings 6.17 Societal pressure to consume 7.1 Force of dietary habits 7.5 Food abundance 7.6 De-skilling 7.7 Convenience of food offerings 7.8 Food variety 7.9 Alcohol consumption 7.11 Energy density of food offerings 7.12 Fibre content of food and drink 7.13 Portion size 7.14 Demand for convenience, 7.16 Nutritional quality of food and drink
Sport England 2.2 Face to face social interaction 3.1 Physical activity 3.4 Level of recreational activity 4.2 Opportunity for team based activity 4.3 Access to opportunities for physical exercise 4.4 Cost of physical exercise 4.13 Walkability of living environment
Supermarket loyalty card 1.8 Media consumption 1.11 Exposure to food advertising 1.16 Smoking cessation 2.10 Use of medicines 5.7 Level of available energy 5.12 Reliance of pharma remedies 5.20 Quality and quantity of breastfeeding and weaning 6.1 Purchasing power 6.4 Demand for health 6.8 Desire to maximise volume 6.9 Desire to differentiate food offerings 6.11 Desire to minimise costs 6.12 Standardisation of food offerings 6.13 Market price of food offerings 6.17 Societal pressure to consume 7.1 Force of dietary habits 7.4 Food exposure 7.5 Food abundance 7.6 De-skilling 7.7 Convenience of food offerings 7.8 Food variety 7.9 Alcohol consumption 7.11 Energy density of food offerings 7.12 Fibre content of food and drink 7.13 Portion size 7.14 Demand for convenience 7.16 Nutritional quality of food and drink
Transport surveys 3.7 Level of transport activity 4.11 Dominance of motorised transport 4.13 Walkability of living environment
TV licensing data 1.4 Availability of passive entertainment options 1.12 TV watching