Genetic distribution analyses and population background explorations of Gansu Yugur and Guizhou Miao groups via InDel markers

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Insertion and deletion markers (InDels) have gained considerable attentions in population genetics and forensic research. In this study, we investigated genetic distributions of 30 InDels in Gansu Yugur and Guizhou Miao groups and evaluated their forensic application values. Genetic relationship analyses between Gansu Yugur, Guizhou Miao groups and other published populations were conducted based on these 30 InDels. Power of discrimination and power of exclusion in trio and duo cases of 30 InDels ranged from 0.3528 to 0.6247, 0.0937 to 0.1873, and 0.0219 to 0.1247 in Gansu Yugur group; and they ranged from 0.2579 to 0.6247, 0.0671 to 0.1874, and 0.0105 to 0.1247 in Guizhou Miao group. Obtained cumulative power of discrimination values indicated these InDels could be used for forensic individual identifications in both ethnic groups. Principal component analysis and phylogenetic reconstruction revealed that Gansu Yugur and Guizhou Miao groups had close affinities with their neighboring populations. Genetic structure analyses among these populations also indicated that studied Gansu Yugur and Guizhou Miao groups showed similar genetic structure with their neighboring populations. Further analyses of Y-STR, mtDNA, and ancestry informative markers should be conducted to better understand genetic backgrounds of Gansu Yugur and Guizhou Miao groups in the future.

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This study was supported by Guangdong Province Universities and Colleges Pearl River Scholar Funded Scheme (GDUPS, 2017).

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Correspondence to Bo-Feng Zhu.

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