Common variant rs11191548 near the CYP17A1 gene is associated with hypertension and the serum 25(OH) D levels in Han Chinese

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The CYP17A1 gene, which encodes17α-hydroxylase and 17,20-lyase, has been identified as a common hypertension susceptibility locus in a European population. However, the association between CYP17A1 polymorphisms and hypertension is unclear in the Chinese population as well as in the role of serum 25(OH) D levels. Six single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in CYP17A1 were genotyped in two stages in a Han Chinese population, and the serum 25(OH) D levels were measured. Analysis in stage 1 showed that the rs1004467 minor G-allele and rs11191548 minor C-allele in CYP17A1 were significantly associated with a decreased risk of hypertension and higher serum 25(OH) D levels (all P < 0.05). The larger sample in stage 2 also showed that a mutation in rs11191548 was significantly associated with a decreased risk of hypertension (adjusted OR = 0.707, 95% CI: 0.553–0.904, P = 0.006). The rs11191548 minor C-allele was associated with higher serum 25(OH) D levels in hypertensive subjects (βadj ± SEM = 0.094 ± 0.949, P = 0.003) and controls (βadj ± SEM = 0.128 ± 1.025, P < 0.001). In conclusion, the rs11191548 CYP17A1 gene mutation was associated with hypertension and the serum 25(OH) D levels in Han Chinese.

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The research was supported by the Technology project of Jiangsu province (#2014085) and the Jiangsu province health commission (#201402). This research was also supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (#81570810).

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Correspondence to Haixia Ding or Yiyang Zhan.

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