SNAP25 is a core component of the soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment receptor complex, which plays a critical role in synaptic vesicle exocytosis. To date, six de novo SNAP25 mutations have been reported in patients with neurological features including seizures, intellectual disability, severe speech delay, and cerebellar ataxia. Here, we analyzed an Israeli family with two affected siblings showing seizures and cerebellar dysfunction by whole-exome sequencing, and identified a novel missense SNAP25 mutation (c.176G > C, p.Arg59Pro) inherited from their unaffected father. Two SNAP25 isoforms are known, SNAP25a and SNAP25b, which each contain a different exon 5. The c.176G > C mutation found in this study was specific to SNAP25b, while five previously reported mutations were identified in exons common to both isoforms. Another was previously reported to be specific to SNAP25b. Comparing clinical features of reported patients with SNAP25 mutations, the current patients demonstrated apparently milder clinical features with normal intelligence, and no magnetic resonance imaging abnormality or facial dysmorphism. Our results expand the clinical spectrum of SNAP25 mutations.
Subscribe to Journal
Get full journal access for 1 year
only $9.92 per issue
All prices are NET prices.
VAT will be added later in the checkout.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Rent or Buy article
Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.
All prices are NET prices.
Oyler GA, Higgins GA, Hart RA, Battenberg E, Billingsley M, Bloom FE, et al. The identification of a novel synaptosomal-associated protein, SNAP-25, differentially expressed by neuronal subpopulations. J Cell Biol. 1989;109:3039–52.
Yamamori S, Itakura M, Sugaya D, Katsumata O, Sakagami H, Takahashi M. Differential expression of SNAP-25 family proteins in the mouse brain. J Comp Neurol. 2011;519:916–32.
Rizo J, Sudhof TC. Snares and Munc18 in synaptic vesicle fusion. Nat Rev Neurosci. 2002;3:641–53.
Antonucci F, Corradini I, Fossati G, Tomasoni R, Menna E, Matteoli M. SNAP-25, a known presynaptic protein with emerging postsynaptic functions. Front Synaptic Neurosci. 2016;8:7.
Sudhof TC. Neurotransmitter release: the last millisecond in the life of a synaptic vesicle. Neuron. 2013;80:675–90.
Bark IC, Hahn KM, Ryabinin AE, Wilson MC. Differential expression of SNAP-25 protein isoforms during divergent vesicle fusion events of neural development. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 1995;92:1510–4.
Johansson JU, Ericsson J, Janson J, Beraki S, Stanic D, Mandic SA, et al. An ancient duplication of exon 5 in the Snap25 gene is required for complex neuronal development/function. PLoS Genet. 2008;4:e1000278.
Delgado-Martinez I, Nehring RB, Sorensen JB. Differential abilities of SNAP-25 homologs to support neuronal function. J Neurosci. 2007;27:9380–91.
Rohena L, Neidich J, Truitt Cho M, Gonzalez KD, Tang S, Devinsky O, et al. Mutation in SNAP25 as a novel genetic cause of epilepsy and intellectual disability. Rare Dis. 2013;1:e26314.
Shen XM, Selcen D, Brengman J, Engel AG. Mutant SNAP25B causes myasthenia, cortical hyperexcitability, ataxia, and intellectual disability. Neurology. 2014;83:2247–55.
Hamdan FF, Myers CT, Cossette P, Lemay P, Spiegelman D, Laporte AD, et al. High rate of recurrent de novo mutations in developmental and epileptic encephalopathies. Am J Hum Genet. 2017;101:664–85.
Heyne HO, EuroEPINOMICS RES Consortium, Jamra RA, Caglayan H, Craiu D, Jonghe PD et al. The spectrum of de novo variants in neurodevelopmental disorders with epilepsy. bioRxiv. https://doi.org/10.1101/123323. 2017.
Washbourne P, Thompson PM, Carta M, Costa ET, Mathews JR, Lopez-Bendito G, et al. Genetic ablation of the t-SNARE SNAP-25 distinguishes mechanisms of neuroexocytosis. Nat Neurosci. 2002;5:19–26.
Corradini I, Donzelli A, Antonucci F, Welzl H, Loos M, Martucci R, et al. Epileptiform activity and cognitive deficits in SNAP-25(+/−) mice are normalized by antiepileptic drugs. Cereb Cortex. 2014;24:364–76.
We thank the members of the family for their participation in this study. We thank Irina Opincariu at Tel Aviv Medical Center for gathering clinical information. We also thank Sarah Williams, PhD, from Edanz Group (www.edanzediting.com) for editing a draft of this manuscript. This work was supported by grants from Research on Measures for Intractable Diseases; Comprehensive Research on Disability Health and Welfare; the Strategic Research Program for Brain Science (SRPBS); the Practical Research Project for Rare/Intractable Diseases; the Initiative on Rare and Undiagnosed Diseases in Pediatrics; the Initiative on Rare and Undiagnosed Diseases in Adults from the Japan Agency for Medical Research and Development; a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research on Innovative Areas (Transcription Cycle) from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan; Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research (A and B); a Grant-in-Aid for Young Scientists (B); Challenging Exploratory Research from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science; the fund for Creation of Innovation Centers for Advanced Interdisciplinary Research Areas Program in the Project for Developing Innovation Systems from the Japan Science and Technology Agency; and grants from the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare; and the Takeda Science Foundation.
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
About this article
Cite this article
Fukuda, H., Imagawa, E., Hamanaka, K. et al. A novel missense SNAP25b mutation in two affected siblings from an Israeli family showing seizures and cerebellar ataxia. J Hum Genet 63, 673–676 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1038/s10038-018-0421-3
Genetics in Medicine (2021)