Objective: To evaluate whether nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) compared with nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) would decrease the requirement for endotracheal ventilation in the treatment of respiratory failure in preterm and term infants.
Methods: Prospective, randomized, controlled, single-center study. 101 neonatal infants were randomized into NIPPV group (n=48) and nCPAP group (n=53) between January, 2008 and December, 2008 in a neonatal intensive care unit of a tertiary hospital. The ratio of requirement for endotracheal ventilation and the outcome were investigated.
Results: Neonates treated with NIPPV and with nCPAP had comparable clinical conditions at study entry. Infants treated initially with NIPPV need less endotracheal ventilation than those treated with nCPAP (23% vs 38%, p< 0.05). However, there was no significant difference between NIPPV group and nCPAP group in the ratio of good outcome (94% vs 87%, p>0.05).
Conclusion: NIPPV compared with nCPAP decreased the requirement for endotracheal ventilation in neonatal infants with respiratory failure.