Alpha-Adrenoceptors in the Developing Kidney


Summary: The maturation of renal alpha-adrenoceptors was investigated in dogs. Alpha-adrenoceptors were characterized by radioligand binding using the alpha-1-adrenergic antagonist, [3H]-WB-4101. In renal plasma membranes obtained from the outer cortex of neonates, the binding of the ligand was rapid, reversible, of high affinity, saturable, and stereoselective. The competition studies with adrenergic agonists and antagonists were indicative of alpha-receptors. In puppies less than 1-w-old, the binding affinity of [3H]-WB-4101 (Kd = 0.638 ± 0.17 nM) was greater than 3–5 week-old puppies (Kd 1.573 ± 0.315 nm); (P < 0.05), but receptor number was similar (63.75 ± 19.1 versus 79.10 ± 5.99 fmole/mg protein). No consistent specific binding could be demonstrated in plasma membranes obtained from inner cortex or medulla. In the adult dog, no consistent specific binding could be demonstrated for plasma membranes obtained from any region of the kidney. These studies indicate that during maturation there is a decrease in alpha-adrenoceptor density and affinity in membranes from the outer cortex of the kidney.

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Correspondence to Robin A Felder.

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Felder, R., Pelayo, J., Calcagno, P. et al. Alpha-Adrenoceptors in the Developing Kidney. Pediatr Res 17, 177–180 (1983).

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