Intrarenal Blood Flow Distribution in Canine Puppies

Abstract

Extract: The present study was designed to examine the developmental changes in renal blood flow distribution in canine puppies utilizing the techniques of xenon-133 (133Xe) washout, anatomic measurements, and para-aminohippuric acid (PAH) clearances and extractions. The distribution patterns determined by analysis of the xenon washout curves were confirmed by studies of the intrarenal distribution of injected radioactive microspheres. The mean total blood flow was 1.2 ml/g kidney/min at 6 weeks of age and rose progressively to the adult value of 3.5 ml/g kidney/min at 14–16 weeks of age. The mean Component I flow, 1.7 ml/g/min at 6 weeks, increased to 4.7 ml/g/min at 14–16 weeks of age. The increase in Component I flow was associated with an increase in PAH extraction ratio. The low renal blood flow observed in the puppy less than 6 weeks of age appears to be due in large part to a small cortical volume. Anatomically, the amount of cortex/medulla ratio was less in the puppy than in the adult, and this was supported by the relatively low cortical volume of distribution noted in the washout studies. At 10 and 12 weeks of age, when the relative cortical mass approximated that found in the adult, the Component I flow rate was still low, but from age 12 weeks, Component I flow and total renal blood flow increased markedly. Renal blood flow increased during a period when cardiac output per kilogram body weight was constant and total peripheral resistance was rising.

The progressive age-dependent increase that was noted in total renal blood flow was primarily due to an increase in cortical flow. The increased cortical flow was in part a consequence of cortical growth; change in sympathetic tone may also have contributed.

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Correspondence to Pedro A Jose.

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Jose, P., Logan, A., Slotkoff, L. et al. Intrarenal Blood Flow Distribution in Canine Puppies. Pediatr Res 5, 335–344 (1971). https://doi.org/10.1203/00006450-197108000-00001

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Keywords

  • cardiac output
  • maturation
  • hysiological development
  • renal blood flow
  • renal cortical volume

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