Intramolecular excluded-volume effects in stiff chains are examined by analyzing typical data of 〈S2〉 (the mean-square radius of gyration) and [η] (the intrinsic viscosity) for four different polymers with Kuhn segment lengths λ−1 of 7.8–86 nm on the basis of the wormlike chain. The data are shown to be explained almost quantitatively in the Yamakawa-Stockmayer-Shimada scheme for wormlike or helical wormlike chains, leading to the conclusion that the expansion factor versus scaled excluded-volume parameter relations established by Yamakawa, Einaga, and coworkers for 〈S2〉 and [η] of linear flexible polymers apply to semiflexible chains in a good approximation. For typical stiff chains, the volume effects are negligibly small up to a reduced contour length λL of 20–50, as was found by Norisuye and Fujita. This substantially unperturbed behavior is due to the fact that the reduced excluded-volume strength λB for such a chain is one order of magnitude smaller than those for flexible chains in good solvents. It is noted, however, that a stiff chain starts deviating from the unperturbed state at λL∼3 when it happens to have a λB value comparable to those for the latter group.
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Norisuye, T., Tsuboi, A. & Teramoto, A. Remarks on Excluded-Volume Effects in Semiflexible Polymer Solutions. Polym J 28, 357–361 (1996). https://doi.org/10.1295/polymj.28.357
- Excluded-Volume Effect
- Stiff Chain
- Expansion Factor
- Wormlike Chain
- Helical Wormlike Chain
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