Variability of River Patterns

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Abstract

MODEL studies1 of the dependence of river patterns on sediment load and on the inclination of the surface on which the model river flows—the valley slope—show that at a constant discharge very different channel patterns are formed at different slopes (Fig. 1). Although sediment load is also an important factor affecting the sinuosity of a model river, Fig. 1 shows that an abrupt change in valley slope should lead to a change in river pattern.

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References

  1. 1

    Schumm, S. A., and Khan, H. R., Nature, 233, 407 (1971).

  2. 2

    Schumm, S. A., and Khan, H. R., Geol. Soc. Amer. Bull. (in the press).

  3. 3

    Channel Improvement and Stabilization, Lower Mississippi River, Cairo to the Gulf (US Army Corps of Engineers, 1966).

  4. 4

    Fisk, H. N., Geological Investigations of the Alluvial Valley of the Lower Mississippi River (Miss. River Comm., Vicksburg, 1944).

  5. 5

    Fisk, H. N., Fine Grained Alluvial Deposits and their Effect on Mississippi River Activity (Waterways Experiment Station, Vicksburg, Miss., 1947).

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SCHUMM, S., KHAN, H., WINKLEY, B. et al. Variability of River Patterns. Nature Physical Science 237, 75–76 (1972) doi:10.1038/physci237075a0

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