Table 2: Three metropolitan arguments for “(smart) devolution”: geo-economics, geo-politics and geo-democratics

From: Metropolitan and city-regional politics in the urban age: why does “(smart) devolution” matter?

Arguments Scales and Drivers Main references
Geo-economics Metropolitan: “Prosperous Competitiveness” (Jones et al., 2005; Goodwin et al., 2012; Katz and Bradley, 2013; Ortiz, 2014; Centre for Cities, 2016; Clark, 2016; OECD/KIPF, 2016; Khanna, 2016a; Harrison et al., 2017)
Geo-politics City-region: “(Smart) devolution” (Moreno, 2001, 2002; Keating and McEwen, 2005; Khanna, 2016b)
Geo-democratics Nation-state: from the “Right to the City” to the “Right to Decide” (Purcell, 2013; Calzada, 2014; Barceló et al., 2015; Crameri, 2016; Cagiao y Conde and Ferraiuolo, 2016)