Table 1: Participant Characteristics

From: Enhanced insulin sensitivity in successful, long-term weight loss maintainers compared with matched controls with no weight loss history

 LSW (n=19)RED (n=15)OSW (n=11)REL (n=11)
Age (years)28a,b (25–37)32c,d (26–40)32 (29–40)34 (22–41)
BW (kg)59.9a,b (56.8–68.3)67.1c,d (61.5–74.0)87.6 (83.4–96.0)92.5 (79.1–103.3)
BMI (kg m−2)22.7±2.3a,b24.1±2.3c,d35.0±4.134.1±6.2
Body fat (%)29.1±5.2a,b29.6±4.3c,d45.4±4.143.4±6.6
Fat mass (kg)18.4±5.2a,b20.4±5.3c,d41.6±10.042.0±13.5
Fat-free mass (kg)44.0±3.8a,b47.6±4.849.1±5.352.8±5.7
Waist (cm)68.4±4.8a,b69.4±5.4c,d91.8±9.090.7±9.6
WHR0.69a, b (0.68–0.71)0.66c,d (0.64–0.69)0.78 0.74–0.83)0.75 (0.73–0.81)
     
Weight history
 Weight loss (%BW lost)−2.8 (0.0–4.5)−16.1ec (14.4–22.0)−1.6 (0.0–3.4)−19.1bf (17.3–29.5)
 Weight regain (%BW regain)0.0 (0.0–1.5)0.0 (0.0–2.8)0.0 (0.0–2.7)21.0dbf (15.4–26.7)
 Months at current weight (months)24.0ab30.0cd9.06.0
 12.0–60.012.0–60.06.0–12.03.0–30.0
  1. Abbreviations: BMI, body mass index; BW, body weight; LSW, stable low-weight; OSW, obese stable weight; RED, reduced; REL, relapsed; WHR, waist-to-hip ratio.
  2. Significant differences (P<0.05).
  3. aLSW and OSW.
  4. bLSW and REL.
  5. cRED and OSW.
  6. dRED and REL.
  7. eLSW and RED.
  8. fOSW and REL.