Table 1: Characteristics of the subjects (n=16)

From: Eating glutinous brown rice twice a day for 8 weeks improves glycemic control in Japanese patients with diabetes mellitus

n (male/female)(n)12/4
Age(years)64±8.8
Body mass index(kg m−2)25.7±5.6
HbA1c(%)7.5±0.6
Glycoalbumin(%)20.7±2.6
1,5-anhydroglucitol(μg ml−1)6.9±3.1
Blood urea nitrogen(mg dl−1)14.9±3.7
Creatinine(mg dl−1)0.8±0.2
eGFR(ml −1 min−1 per 1.73 m2)76.6±19.5
Total cholesterol(mg dl−1)175.1±37.2
LDL cholesterol(mg dl−1)101.8±28.9
HDL cholesterol(mg dl−1)53.8±18.6
Triglycerides(mg dl−1)101.1±50.5
Fasting blood glucose(mg dl−1)154.1±22.9
Fasting serum C-peptide(ng ml−1)1.0±0.8
   
Diabetes treatment
 Total insulin dose(units per day)34.4±16.0
 MDI only(% (n))37.5 (6)
 MDI + oral hypoglycemic agents(% (n))62.5 (10)
 Biguanide 50 (8)
 Sulfonylurea 0 (0)
 Glinide 0 (0)
 α-glucosidase inhibitor 18.8 (3)
 Thiazolidinedione 0 (0)
 DPP-4 inhibitor 43.8 (7)
 SGLT2 inhibitor 0 (0)
  1. Abbreviations: eGFR, estimated glomerular filtration rate; HbA1c, hemoglobin A1c; HDL, high-density lipoprotein; LDL, low-density lipoprotein; MDI, multiple daily injection. Data are the mean±s.d. or % (N).