Table 2 Plasma measurements in the basal state and during euglycemic-hyperinsulinemic clamps

From: Yacon diet (Smallanthus sonchifolius, Asteraceae) improves hepatic insulin resistance via reducing Trb3 expression in Zucker fa/fa rats

  Control group (n) Yacon group (n)
BW (g) 496.5±13.5 (16) 502.4±7.1 (16)
Food consumption (gram per day) 25.3±1.3 (16) 26.4±1.7 (16)
Basal
 Glucose (mg dl−1) 184.1±4.1 (16) 167.9±2.7* (16)
 Insulin (ng ml−1) 13.2±0.6 (16) 10.4±0.4* (16)
 HOMA-IR 6.03±0.34 (16) 4.30±0.19* (16)
 Total cholesterol (mg dl−1) 112.0±12.7 (6) 101.0±15.0 (6)
 Triglycerides (mg dl−1 253.7±58.2 (6) 215.7±40.6 (6)
 HDL-cholesterol (mg dl−1) 47.2±4.8 (6) 45.5±5.4 (6)
 Adiponectin (μg ml−1) 2.08±0.13 (6) 2.35±0.17 (6)
Clamp
 Ginf (mg kg−1 per minute) 13.2±0.2 (8) 14.8±0.4* (8)
 Glucose (mg dl−1) 151.7±1.1 (8) 149.5 ±0.9 (8)
  1. Abbreviations: BW, Body weight; Ginf, glucose infusion rate; HDL, high-density lipoprotein; HOMA-IR, homeostasis model assessment insulin resistance.
  2. *: P<0.01