Some urologists might be surprised that the urinary tract is not sterile, and bacteria might have important roles in a number of urological conditions such as urge incontinence. This paradigm shift, which has been further illustrated by data from a recent study, has implications for how urologists diagnose disease and treat patients.
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The authors declare no competing financial interests.
The term microbiota describes all microorganisms present in a given niche. In many instances, studies only refer to bacteria in the microbiota, but fungi and viruses, for example, can also be included in this term.
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Reid, G., Burton, J. Making sense of the urinary microbiota in clinical urology. Nat Rev Urol 13, 567–568 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1038/nrurol.2016.182
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