Following CNS injury, in an apparently counterintuitive response, scar tissue formation inhibits axonal growth, imposing a major barrier to regeneration. Accordingly, scar-modulating treatments have become a leading therapeutic goal in the field of spinal cord injury. However, increasing evidence suggests a beneficial role for this scar tissue as part of the endogenous local immune regulation and repair process. How can these opposing effects be reconciled? Perhaps it is all a matter of timing.
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We would like to thank U. Nevo, for his invaluable contribution to concept development when he was a graduate student in this group, and S. Schwarzbaum. The work was supported in part by the High Q foundation and by IsrALS.
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Rolls, A., Shechter, R. & Schwartz, M. The bright side of the glial scar in CNS repair. Nat Rev Neurosci 10, 235–241 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1038/nrn2591
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