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Incorporating sex as a biological variable in neuroscience: what do we gain?

New policies requiring preclinical studies to incorporate sex as a biological variable are impacting neuroscience research. It is too soon to know whether this change justifies the administrative and financial burdens that it imposes; however, the potential gains in fundamental knowledge and therapeutic target identification are likely to outweigh the potential costs.

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Correspondence to Margaret M. McCarthy.

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FURTHER INFORMATION

Canadian Institute of Health Research Sex, Gender and Health Research Guide

Gendered Innovations list of sex and gender policies at major granting agencies world wide

NIH notice

Open FDA

United States GAO report

Wonkblog Bad Medicine: the awful drug reactions Americans report

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McCarthy, M., Woolley, C. & Arnold, A. Incorporating sex as a biological variable in neuroscience: what do we gain?. Nat Rev Neurosci 18, 707–708 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1038/nrn.2017.137

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