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Microtubule-organizing centres: a re-evaluation

Abstract

The number, length, distribution and polarity of microtubules are largely controlled by microtubule-organizing centres, which nucleate and anchor microtubule minus ends in a process that requires γ-tubulin. Here we discuss recent evidence indicating that γ-tubulin-dependent formation of new microtubules is not restricted to conventional microtubule-organizing centres. These findings suggest that the spatio-temporal control of microtubule nucleation is more complex than previously thought, leading us to a re-evaluation of the concept of the microtubule-organizing center.

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Figure 1: Localization of γ-tubulin in the mitotic spindle.
Figure 2: Amplification model for the function of the γ-tubulin ring complex in spindle assembly.
Figure 3: Models for the organization of γ-tubulin complexes at microtubule-organizing centres.
Figure 4: Regulation of microtubule nucleation.

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Acknowledgements

We thank M.-F. Bryan Tsou for critical reading of the manuscript and E. Vladar for helpful comments.

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Correspondence to Tim Stearns.

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Lüders, J., Stearns, T. Microtubule-organizing centres: a re-evaluation. Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol 8, 161–167 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1038/nrm2100

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