Dorothy Hodgkin and her contributions to biochemistry


The components of cells are molecules — non-living structures that are built up of atoms. It was Dorothy Hodgkin's life's work to determine the three-dimensional structures of many biologically important molecules using the relatively new technique of X-ray diffraction. For this pioneering work, she was awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1964.

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Figure 1: Dorothy and Thomas Hodgkin at the Nobel Prize celebration, Stockholm, Sweden, 1964.
Figure 2: Vitamin B12.
Figure 3: Insulin crystals.
Figure 4: The molecular structure of insulin.


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Howard, J. Dorothy Hodgkin and her contributions to biochemistry. Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol 4, 891–896 (2003).

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