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Prime–boost strategies to embrace diversity and inclusion in immunology

Nature Reviews Immunology volume 16, pages 715716 (2016) | Download Citation



Immunologists appreciate the need for creative approaches to tackle complex scientific questions, which can involve not only the use of novel technologies but also the experience of scientists from diverse backgrounds. Here, we highlight measures to prime for the inclusion of women and underrepresented individuals in science to boost immunology research.

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The authors thank the staff of Keystone Symposia for their assistance in providing much needed editorial support, especially A. Connally, H. Gerhart and K. Sperr.

Author information


  1. R&D Strategy, Portfolio, and Communications, Biogen, Inc, 115 Broadway, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA.

    • Cherie L. Butts
  2. Diversity in Life Sciences Program, Keystone Symposia on Molecular and Cellular Biology, PO Box 1630, 160 US Highway 6, Suite 200, Silverthorne, Colorado 80498, USA.

    • Irelene P. Ricks
  3. Department of Microbiology & Immunology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, 930 Campus Road, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA.

    • Avery August


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Competing interests

The authors declare no competing financial interests.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Cherie L. Butts.

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