Human T-lymphotropic virus 1 (HTLV-1) infection can cause inflammation and degeneration of the spinal cord known as HTLV-1-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP). As described in this PrimeView, HAM/TSP leads to paralysis of the legs, back pain and urinary symptoms.
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HAM/TSP. Nat Rev Dis Primers 1, 15044 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1038/nrdp.2015.44