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Purification of recombinant membrane proteins tagged with calmodulin-binding domains by affinity chromatography on calmodulin-agarose: example of nicotinamide nucleotide transhydrogenase

Abstract

This protocol describes affinity purification of bacterially expressed, recombinant membrane proteins fused with calmodulin-binding domains. As exemplified by the Escherichia coli nicotinamide nucleotide transhydrogenase, this method allows isolation of the protein fusions in a single chromatography step using elution with the calcium chelating agent EDTA and, unlike purification of His-tagged proteins on nickel chelate, it is not sensitive to the presence of strong reducing agents (e.g., DTT). Our protocol involves disruption of host bacteria by sonication, sedimentation of membranes by differential centrifugation, solubilization of membrane proteins and affinity chromatography on calmodulin-agarose. To achieve maximum purity and yield, the use of a combination of non-ionic and anionic detergents is suggested. Purification takes two working days, with an overnight wash of the column to increase the purity of the product.

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Figure 1
Figure 2: SDS-PAGE of purified transhydrogenase.

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Acknowledgements

The authors wish to thank T.I. Muravieva for the gift of crude calmodulin. This work was made possible in part by funding from the Swedish Natural Science Research Council, the Russian Foundation for Basic Research and INTAS.

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Correspondence to Jan Rydström.

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Pestov, N., Rydström, J. Purification of recombinant membrane proteins tagged with calmodulin-binding domains by affinity chromatography on calmodulin-agarose: example of nicotinamide nucleotide transhydrogenase. Nat Protoc 2, 198–202 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1038/nprot.2006.456

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