Alam MN, McGinty D, Szymusiak R (1995). Neuronal discharge of preoptic/anterior hypothalamic thermosensitive neurons: relation to NREM sleep. Am J Physiol 269(5 Pt 2): R1240–R1249.
Alfoldi P, Rubicsek G, Cserni G, Obal F Jr. (1990). Brain and core temperatures and peripheral vasomotion during sleep and wakefulness at various ambient temperatures in the rat. Pflugers Arch 417: 336–341.
Bannai M, Kawai N, Ono K, Nakahara K, Murakami N (2012). The effects of glycine on subjective daytime performance in partially sleep-restricted healthy volunteers. Front Neurol 3: 61.
Barrett J, Lack L, Morris M (1993). The sleep-evoked decrease of body temperature. Sleep 16: 93–99.
Campbell SS, Broughton RJ (1994). Rapid decline in body temperature before sleep: fluffing the physiological pillow? Chronobiol Int 11: 126–131.
Cano G, Mochizuki T, Saper CB (2008). Neural circuitry of stress-induced insomnia in rats. J Neurosci 28: 10167–10184.
Chase MH, Soja PJ, Morales FR (1989). Evidence that glycine mediates the postsynaptic potentials that inhibit lumbar motoneurons during the atonia of active sleep. J Neurosci 9: 743–751.
Colwell CS (2001). NMDA-evoked calcium transients and currents in the suprachiasmatic nucleus: gating by the circadian system. Eur J Neurosci 13: 1420–1428.
Coyle JT, Tsai G (2004). The NMDA receptor glycine modulatory site: a therapeutic target for improving cognition and reducing negative symptoms in schizophrenia. Psychopharmacology 174: 32–38.
Curtis DR, Hosli L, Johnston GA (1968). A pharmacological study of the depression of spinal neurones by glycine and related amino acids. Exp Brain Res 6: 1–18.
Czeisler CA, Weitzman E, Moore-Ede MC, Zimmerman JC, Knauer RS (1980). Human sleep: its duration and organization depend on its circadian phase. Science 210: 1264–1267.
Dijk DJ, von Schantz M (2005). Timing and consolidation of human sleep, wakefulness, and performance by a symphony of oscillators. J Biol Rhythms 20: 279–290.
Elliot EE, White JM (2001). The acute effects of zolpidem compared to diazepam and lorazepam using radiotelemetry. Neuropharmacology 40: 717–721.
Fujiki N, Cheng T, Yoshino F, Nishino S (2009). Specificity of direct transition from wake to REM sleep in orexin/ataxin-3 transgenic narcoleptic mice. Exp Neurol 217: 46–54.
Hara J, Beuckmann CT, Nambu T, Willie JT, Chemelli RM, Sinton CM et al (2001). Genetic ablation of orexin neurons in mice results in narcolepsy, hypophagia, and obesity. Neuron 30: 345–354.
Harrington ME, Hoque S, Hall A, Golombek D, Biello S (1999). Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating peptide phase shifts circadian rhythms in a manner similar to light. J Neurosci 19: 6637–6642.
Heresco-Levy U, Javitt DC, Ermilov M, Mordel C, Silipo G, Lichtenstein M (1999). Efficacy of high-dose glycine in the treatment of enduring negative symptoms of schizophrenia. Arch Gen Psychiat 56: 29–36.
Holstege JC, Bongers CM (1991). A glycinergic projection from the ventromedial lower brainstem to spinal motoneurons. An ultrastructural double labeling study in rat. Brain Res 566: 308–315.
Hondo M, Furutani N, Yamasaki M, Watanabe M, Sakurai T (2011). Orexin neurons receive glycinergic innervations. PLoS One 6: e25076.
Inagawa K, Hiraoka T, Kohda T, Yamadera W, Takahashi M (2006). Subjective effects of glycine ingestion before bedtime on sleep quality. Sleep Biol Rhythms 4: 75–77.
Ito C, Wakamori M, Akaike N (1991). Dual effect of glycine on isolated rat suprachiasmatic neurons. Am J Physiol 260(2 Pt 1): C213–C218.
Johnson JM, Taylor WF, Shepherd AP, Park MK (1984). Laser-Doppler measurement of skin blood flow: comparison with plethysmography. J Appl Physiol 56: 798–803.
Johnson JW, Ascher P (1987). Glycine potentiates the NMDA response in cultured mouse brain neurons. Nature 325: 529–531.
Kallingal GJ, Mintz EM (2010). An NMDA antagonist inhibits light but not GRP-induced phase shifts when administered after the phase-shifting stimulus. Brain Res 1353: 106–112.
Kalsbeek A, Buijs RM, Engelmann M, Wotjak CT, Landgraf R (1995). In vivo measurement of a diurnal variation in vasopressin release in the rat suprachiasmatic nucleus. Brain Res 682: 75–82.
Karnani MM, Apergis-Schoute J, Adamantidis A, Jensen LT, de Lecea L, Fugger L et al (2011a). Activation of central orexin/hypocretin neurons by dietary amino acids. Neuron 72: 616–629.
Karnani MM, Venner A, Jensen LT, Fugger L, Burdakov D (2011b). Direct and indirect control of orexin/hypocretin neurons by glycine receptors. J Physiol 589(Pt 3): 639–651.
Kawai N, Bannai M, Seki S, Koizumi T, Shinkai K, Nagao K et al (2011). Pharmacokinetics and cerebral distribution of glycine administered to rats. Amino Acids 42: 2129–2137.
Kleckner NW, Dingledine R (1988). Requirement for glycine in activation of NMDA-receptors expressed in Xenopus oocytes. Science 241: 835–837.
Krauchi K, Cajochen C, Werth E, Wirz-Justice A (1999). Warm feet promote the rapid onset of sleep. Nature 401: 36–37.
Krauchi K, Cajochen C, Werth E, Wirz-Justice A (2000). Functional link between distal vasodilation and sleep-onset latency? Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 278: R741–R748.
Krauchi K, Wirz-Justice A (2001). Circadian clues to sleep onset mechanisms. Neuropsychopharmacology 25(5 Suppl): S92–S96.
Lavie P (1997). Melatonin: role in gating nocturnal rise in sleep propensity. J Biol Rhythms 12: 657–665.
Lu J, Zhang YH, Chou TC, Gaus SE, Elmquist JK, Shiromani P et al (2001). Contrasting effects of ibotenate lesions of the paraventricular nucleus and subparaventricular zone on sleep-wake cycle and temperature regulation. J Neurosci 21: 4864–4874.
Markwald RR, Lee-Chiong TL, Burke TM, Snider JA, Wright KP Jr. (2010). Effects of the melatonin MT-1/MT-2 agonist ramelteon on daytime body temperature and sleep. Sleep 33: 825–831.
Morales FR, Sampogna S, Rampon C, Luppi PH, Chase MH (2006). Brainstem glycinergic neurons and their activation during active (rapid eye movement) sleep in the cat. Neuroscience 142: 37–47.
Mordel J, Karnas D, Inyushkin A, Challet E, Pevet P, Meissl H (2011). Activation of glycine receptor phase-shifts the circadian rhythm in neuronal activity in the mouse suprachiasmatic nucleus. J Physiol 589(Pt 9): 2287–2300.
Nagao K, Bannai M, Kawai N, Endo T (2007). Glycine decreases core body temperature in healthy volunteer. Jap Soc Sleep Res The 32nd Annual Meeting of Japanese Society of Sleep Research: 1-S-017.
Nakamura K (2011). Central circuitries for body temperature regulation and fever. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 301: R1207–R1228.
Oka T, Oka K, Hori T (2001). Mechanisms and mediators of psychological stress-induced rise in core temperature. Psychosom Med 63: 476–486.
Pennartz CM, Hamstra R, Geurtsen AM (2001). Enhanced NMDA receptor activity in retinal inputs to the rat suprachiasmatic nucleus during the subjective night. J Physiol 532(Pt 1): 181–194.
Peterson SL (1994). Diazepam potentiation by glycine in pentylenetetrazol seizures is antagonized by 7-chlorokynurenic acid. Pharmacol Biochem Behav 47: 241–246.
Rampon C, Luppi PH, Fort P, Peyron C, Jouvet M (1996). Distribution of glycine-immunoreactive cell bodies and fibers in the rat brain. Neuroscience 75: 737–755.
Reeds PJ (2000). Dispensable and indispensable amino acids for humans. J Nutr 130: 1835S–1840S.
Sakurai T, Mieda M, Tsujino N (2010). The orexin system: roles in sleep/wake regulation. Ann NY Acad Sci 1200: 149–161.
Saper CB, Lu J, Chou TC, Gooley J (2005). The hypothalamic integrator for circadian rhythms. Trends Neurosci 28: 152–157.
Shinohara K, Honma S, Katsuno Y, Abe H, Honma K (1998). Circadian release of amino acids in the suprachiasmatic nucleus in vitro. Neuroreport 9: 137–140.
Soja PJ, Lopezrodriguez F, Morales FR, Chase MH (1991). The postsynaptic inhibitory control of lumbar motoneurons during the atonia of active sleep—effect of strychnine on motoneuron properties. J Neurosci 11: 2804–2811.
Steininger TL, Gong H, McGinty D, Szymusiak R (2001). Subregional organization of preoptic area/anterior hypothalamic projections to arousal-related monoaminergic cell groups. J Comp Neurol 429: 638–653.
Stone BM, Turner C, Mills SL, Nicholson AN (2000). Hypnotic activity of melatonin. Sleep 23: 663–669.
Sumova A, Travnickova Z, Mikkelsen JD, Illnerova H (1998). Spontaneous rhythm in c-Fos immunoreactivity in the dorsomedial part of the rat suprachiasmatic nucleus. Brain Res 801: 254–258.
Swanson LW (2004). Brain maps: structure of the rat brain. A Laboratory Guide with Printed and Electronic Templates for Data, Models and Schematics 3rd edn. Elsevier: Amsterdam.
Terlouw EM, Kent S, Cremona S, Dantzer R (1996). Effect of intracerebroventricular administration of vasopressin on stress-induced hyperthermia in rats. Physiol Behav 60: 417–424.
Toth E, Lajtha A (1986). Antagonism of phencyclidine-induced hyperactivity by glycine in mice. Neurochem Res 11: 393–400.
van den Pol AN, Gorcs T (1988). Glycine and glycine receptor immunoreactivity in brain and spinal cord. J Neurosci 8: 472–492.
Visser WF, Verhoeven-Duif NM, Ophoff R, Bakker S, Klomp LW, Berger R et al (2011). A sensitive and simple ultra-high-performance-liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry based method for the quantification of D-amino acids in body fluids. J Chromatogr A 1218: 7130–7136.
Watts AG, Swanson LW, Sanchez-Watts G (1987). Efferent projections of the suprachiasmatic nucleus: I. Studies using anterograde transport of Phaseolus vulgaris leucoagglutinin in the rat. J Comp Neurol 258: 204–229.
Werman R, Davidoff RA, Aprison MH (1968). Inhibitory of glycine on spinal neurons in the cat. J Neurophysiol 31: 81–95.
Yamadera W, Inagawa K, Chiba S, Bannai M, Takahashi M, Nakayama K (2007). Glycine ingestion improves subjective sleep quality in human volunteers, correlating with polysomnographic changes. Sleep Biol Rhythms 5: 126–131.
Zhdanova IV, Wurtman RJ, Lynch HJ, Ives JR, Dollins AB, Morabito C et al (1995). Sleep-inducing effects of low doses of melatonin ingested in the evening. Clin Pharmacol Ther 57: 552–558.
Zulley J, Wever R, Aschoff J (1981). The dependence of onset and duration of sleep on th circadian rhythm of rectal temperature. Pflugers Arch 391: 314–318.